Nature Based Solutions - Implementation Models Database

Pioneer Case

Vertical Forest – Milan

A short description of the NBS project

Vertical Forest is a model for a sustainable residential building, a project for metropolitan reforestation contributing to the regeneration of the environment and urban 1 without the implication of expanding the city upon the territory. It is a model of vertical densification of nature within the city that operates in relation to policies for reforestation and naturalization of large urban and metropolitan borders. The first example of the Vertical Forest consisting of two residential towers of 110 and 76 m height was realized in the Centre of Milan, on the edge of the Isola neighborhood (hosting 900 trees and over 20,000 plants distributed according to the sun exposure of the façade). The creation of a number of Vertical Forests in the city can set up a network of environmental corridors which will give life to the main parks in the city, bringing together the green space of avenues and gardens and interweaving various spaces of spontaneous vegetation growth. The objectives of the intervention are: 1. VF01 is a project for the environmental survival of contemporary cities 2. VF01 multiplies the number of trees in cities 3. VF01 is a tower for trees inhabited by humans 4. VF01 is an anti-sprawl device 5. VF01 demineralizes urban surfaces 6. VF01 reduces the pollution of the urban environment 7. VF01 reduces energy consumption 8. VF01 is a multiplier of urban 1 9. VF01 is an ever-changing urban landmark 10. VF01 is a living ecosystem

NBS Implementation context
Location Italy, Milan
Latitude 45.48579
Longitude 9.190275
Status Project delivered
Dates 2014.0
Description of the NBS
NBS Scale object (building, etc.)
NBS Impacts scale neighbourhood
Urban density/ Soil consumption high (dense city center, etc.)
Combined with other(s) environmental friendly solution(s)?
if other
NBS Typology
Open the NBS Solution Explorer
NBS Uban Challenges
Climate Issues Climate mitigation
Climate adaptation
Other 0;
Urban water management and quality Urban water management and quality
Flood management
Other 0
Air Quality Air quality at district/city scale
Air quality locally
Other 0
Urban Space and Biodiversity Biodiversity
Urban space design
Urban space management
Other 0;
Urban Regeneration and Soil Air quality at district/city scale
Other 0
Resource efficiency Food, energy and water
Raw materials
Other 0;
Public health and well-being Acustic
Quality of life
Other 0;
Environmental justice and social cohesion Environmental Justice: Recognition
Environmental Justice: Procedural Justice
Environmental Justice: Distributional Justice
Environmental Justice: Capabilities
Environmental Justice: Responsibility
Social Cohesion
Other 0;
Urban planning and governance Urban planning and form
Governance in planning
Other 0;
People Security Control of crimes
Control of extraordinary events
Other 0
Green economy Circular economy
Bioeconomy activities
Direct economic value of NBS
Other 0;
Stakeholder and Governance
Who Started this initiative? A private stakeholder
Contracting Authority Developer Hines Italia
Project manager (leader and main partners): entities names, and know-how involved Leader: Boeri studio (Stefano Boeri, Gianandrea Barreca, Giovanni La Varra) Main partners: Studio Laura Gatti (landscaping) & Studio Emanuela Borio (landscaping)
Who (else) was involved in the project ? (Inhabitants, local association, etc.)
More detail on the process and the role of the different stakeholders (How did it happen?)
OPTIONAL Considering the actual impacts, who are the primary beneficiaries of the project. Citizens
Cluster Governance Model Description
Global Estimated cost of the project more than 5M€
Cluster cluster2_financial_institution
Description of the financing mechanism HINES is a privately owned global real estate investment, development and management firm
Business Model
Class Type Description
TechnologicalMaximize material productivity and energy efficiency
Temporal Factor
Expected time for the NBS to be fully effective after its implementation short (immediately to few months)
Expected life time of the intervention more than 30
Already feedbacks on the project? In case, the project has already been adapted to new requisites, please explain the modifications brought
Success and limiting factors
Process Enablers
Class Subclass Type Description
Knowledge_driversAwarenessNBS_ambassadorsThe process benefit from the existing knowledge (from all the stakeholders) regarding NbS in cities and it was possible to generate the missing knowledge
Process Inhibitors
Class Subclass Type Description
Knowledge_barriersUncertaintyPerformance_unknowThe process suffer from the concerns of some of the stakeholders regarding the unknown consequences
What makes this project a pioneer?
Field Design_or_techniques_employed
Brief description of the innovativeness Pilot project of urban forest in a skyscraper
Has the project received a prize, an award? On 19 November 2014, Bosco Verticale won the International Highrise Award, prestigious international competition bestowed every two years, honouring excellence in recently constructed buildings that stand a minimum of 100 meters (328 feet) tall. The five finalists were selected from 26 nominees in 17 countries.[23] On 12 November 2015, the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) Awards Jury selected Bosco Verticale as the overall “2015 Best Tall Building Worldwide” at the 14th Annual CTBUH International Best Tall Building Awards Symposium, Ceremony & Dinner, celebrated at the Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago.
Has the project received a media coverage? (in reviews, in press, etc.)
IM Keywords
  • Green facade on high building

  • green wall

Websites of conceptors: