Nature Based Solutions - Implementation Models Database

Implementation model

Green Connections project

A short description of the NBS project

San Francisco’s rich and varied landscape of parks, recreational facilities, and open spaces are one of the city’s most beloved resources, and a major attraction for residents and visitors alike. Green Connections project aims to increase access to parks, open spaces, and the waterfront by envisioning a network of ‘green connectors’ – city streets that will be upgraded incrementally over the next 20 years to make it safer and more pleasant to travel to parks by walking, biking, and other forms of active transportation. The project aims to make the City more healthy, sustainable, and liveable through features such as pedestrian and bicycle infrastructure, street trees and other landscaping, stormwater management, and opportunities for beautification, public art, and community stewardship. It is a two year project, funded by planning grant from the State of California Strategic Growth Council. The deliverables of the project include: • SF Plant Finder: an online, searchable database that provides gardeners and designers with recommendations for climate-appropriate plants they can use in backyards, rights-of-way, and other urban spaces to support ecological diversity; • Green Connections Network: a map of 24 routes (115 miles) across the City that will be improved to better connect people to parks and open spaces; • Design Toolkit: a set of 18 design typologies for street intersections and blocks that could be applied to routes based on local conditions and priorities; • Green Connections Community Resource List: a guide for community members who want to get involved in designing and implementing Green Connections routes, which includes examples of programs, grants, and other resources available to help; • Green Connections Ecology Guides: a narrative describing each route and providing recommendations for plants that promote target species and habitats – plants and animals that serve an important ecological function and are ideally suited to the area; • Neighbourhood Concept Designs: preliminary designs for routes in Bayview-Hunters Point, Chinatown, Potrero Hill, Tenderloin, Visitacion Valley, and Western Addition.

NBS Implementation context
Location USA, San Francisco (USA)
Status Ongoing (since 2014)
Description of the NBS
NBS Scale city
NBS Impacts scale City
Urban density/ Soil consumption • High (dense city center, etc.) • Medium • Low (suburb at the limit with rural areas, etc.)
Combined with other(s) environmental friendly solution(s)?
if other
NBS Typology
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NBS Uban Challenges
Climate Issues Climate mitigation
Climate adaptation
Other 0
Urban water management and quality Urban water management and quality
Flood management
Other 0
Air Quality Air quality at district/city scale
Air quality locally
Other 0
Urban Space and Biodiversity Biodiversity
Urban space design
Urban space management
Other 0
Urban Regeneration and Soil Air quality at district/city scale
Other 0
Resource efficiency Food, energy and water
Raw materials
Other 0
Public health and well-being Acustic
Quality of life
Other 0
Environmental justice and social cohesion Environmental Justice: Recognition
Environmental Justice: Procedural Justice
Environmental Justice: Distributional Justice
Environmental Justice: Capabilities
Environmental Justice: Responsibility
Social Cohesion
Other 0
Urban planning and governance Urban planning and form
Governance in planning
Other 0
People Security Control of crimes
Control of extraordinary events
Other 0
Green economy Circular economy
Bioeconomy activities
Direct economic value of NBS
Other 0
Stakeholder and Governance
Who Started this initiative? Governments • Local government/municipality • Semi-government organizations / institutions; Community • NGO’s / CSO’s / interest groups • Research institutions
Contracting Authority
Project manager (leader and main partners): entities names, and know-how involved
Who (else) was involved in the project ? (Inhabitants, local association, etc.)
More detail on the process and the role of the different stakeholders (How did it happen?)
OPTIONAL Considering the actual impacts, who are the primary beneficiaries of the project.
Cluster Governance Model Description
cluster1_traditional_public_administrationClosed_governanceThe project is funded by planning grant from the State of California Strategic Growth Council.
Global Estimated cost of the project -
Cluster cluster1_public_financing
FM Public financing
Description of the financing mechanism The project is funded by planning grant from the State of California Strategic Growth Council.
Business Model
Class Type Description
Temporal Factor
Expected time for the NBS to be fully effective after its implementation
Expected life time of the intervention
Already feedbacks on the project? In case, the project has already been adapted to new requisites, please explain the modifications brought
Success and limiting factors
Process Enablers
Class Subclass Type Description
Knowledge_driversCollaboration Information accessibility and sharing • Co-creation; • Knowledge platforms -
Governance_driversProcess efficiencies Co-creation and participation • Collaboration; • Involvement of urban government
Economy_driversDe-risking • Public de-risking strategies
Process Inhibitors
Class Subclass Type Description
Governance_driversDisconnection between short-term actions and long term goals • Establishment of long term responsibilities
Economy_driversPerception of the benefits • Short term vision
What makes this project a pioneer?
Brief description of the innovativeness
Has the project received a prize, an award?
Has the project received a media coverage? (in reviews, in press, etc.)
IM Keywords