Nature Based Solutions - Implementation Models Database

Implementation model


A short description of the NBS project

In Europe, more than three quarters of people live in cities. Therefore densely built city centres and residential areas in ever expanding cities need to remain liveable into the future. The efficiency of the PROGREENcity technologies with regard to their micro-climatic effects (cooling, insulation, microclimate improvements) and their ability to absorb particulate matter were measured and simulated in three European cities representing different climate zones: Vienna (Austria), Bottrop (Germany) and Madrid (Spain). The results formed the basis of a focused planning strategy for the effective processing of urban environmental problems under site-specific circumstances. The intent of the project PROGREENcity (EU-Programm ERASME) was the provisioning of comprehensive greening for European cities. The largest unused areas are represented by the exteriors and rooftops of the building stock. Hence, for the duration of the project, existing innovative roof and vertical greening systems with ecological irrigation were developed for three different European climate zones, since PROGREENcity technologies aim to adapt urban areas to changes in climate and to reduce air pollutants.

NBS Implementation context
Location Austria, Wien (Austria), Bottrop (Germany) and Madrid (Spain)
Status Project delivered (05.2011 - 04.2014)
Description of the NBS
NBS Scale object (building, etc.)
NBS Impacts scale • Object (building, etc.) • Neighbourhood • City
Urban density/ Soil consumption High (dense city center, etc.)
Combined with other(s) environmental friendly solution(s)?
if other
NBS Typology
Open the NBS Solution Explorer
NBS Uban Challenges
Climate Issues Climate mitigation
Climate adaptation
Other 0
Urban water management and quality Urban water management and quality
Flood management
Other 0
Air Quality Air quality at district/city scale
Air quality locally
Other 0
Urban Space and Biodiversity Biodiversity
Urban space design
Urban space management
Other 0
Urban Regeneration and Soil Air quality at district/city scale
Other 0
Resource efficiency Food, energy and water
Raw materials
Other 0
Public health and well-being Acustic
Quality of life
Other 0
Environmental justice and social cohesion Environmental Justice: Recognition
Environmental Justice: Procedural Justice
Environmental Justice: Distributional Justice
Environmental Justice: Capabilities
Environmental Justice: Responsibility
Social Cohesion
Other 0
Urban planning and governance Urban planning and form
Governance in planning
Other 0
People Security Control of crimes
Control of extraordinary events
Other 0
Green economy Circular economy
Bioeconomy activities
Direct economic value of NBS
Other 0
Stakeholder and Governance
Who Started this initiative? Community • NGO’s / CSO’s / interest groups • Research institutions; Market • Private sector
Contracting Authority
Project manager (leader and main partners): entities names, and know-how involved
Who (else) was involved in the project ? (Inhabitants, local association, etc.)
More detail on the process and the role of the different stakeholders (How did it happen?)
OPTIONAL Considering the actual impacts, who are the primary beneficiaries of the project.
Cluster Governance Model Description
Global Estimated cost of the project 1M€- 5M€ (1,8M€)
Cluster cluster1_public_financing
FM • EU-Programm ERASME
Description of the financing mechanism -
Business Model
Class Type Description
Temporal Factor
Expected time for the NBS to be fully effective after its implementation
Expected life time of the intervention
Already feedbacks on the project? In case, the project has already been adapted to new requisites, please explain the modifications brought
Success and limiting factors
Process Enablers
Class Subclass Type Description
Knowledge_driversGeneration of evidence • Research on benefits; Awareness • NBS ambassadors • Ecological memory -
Process Inhibitors
Class Subclass Type Description
What makes this project a pioneer?
Brief description of the innovativeness
Has the project received a prize, an award?
Has the project received a media coverage? (in reviews, in press, etc.)
IM Keywords