Nature Based Solutions - Implementation Models Database

Implementation model

Tide Park Rotterdam

A short description of the NBS project

Programma rivier als getijdepark (river as tide park) is a project initiated by the municipality of Rotterdam with the aim of greening river banks to make Rotterdam more climate resilient. The municipality of Rotterdam has initiated a programme that is called Rivier als Getijdepark (River as tide park). The purpose of the project is to green the riverbanks of two rivers (Nieuwe Maas and Nieuwe Waterweg) by the creation of parks in and alongside the rivers. These are called tide parks, since they are influenced by high tide and low tide. The goal of the project is to make Rotterdam more resilient to the consequences of climate change, namely an increased risk of flooding in times of heavy rainfall. Besides that, the tide parks create more room for 1, in and alongside the river. Lastly, the parks can be used for recreational purposes. It is one of a few tide parks in the Netherlands. A variety of partners is working together to implement the plans, namely environmental organisations, companies, the national government (Ministry of Infrastructure and Water), associations, water authorities, municipalities and the Province of South Holland. The project is financed by the national, regional and local government and Europe (LIFE).

NBS Implementation context
Location Netherlands, Europe, Rotterdam
Status Project delivered (2014-2017)
Description of the NBS
NBS Scale neighbourhood
NBS Impacts scale • Neighbourhood • City
Urban density/ Soil consumption High (dense city center)
Combined with other(s) environmental friendly solution(s)?
if other
NBS Typology
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NBS Uban Challenges
Climate Issues Climate mitigation
Climate adaptation
Other 0
Urban water management and quality Urban water management and quality
Flood management
Other 0
Air Quality Air quality at district/city scale
Air quality locally
Other 0
Urban Space and Biodiversity Biodiversity
Urban space design
Urban space management
Other 0
Urban Regeneration and Soil Air quality at district/city scale
Other 0
Resource efficiency Food, energy and water
Raw materials
Other 0
Public health and well-being Acustic
Quality of life
Other 0
Environmental justice and social cohesion Environmental Justice: Recognition
Environmental Justice: Procedural Justice
Environmental Justice: Distributional Justice
Environmental Justice: Capabilities
Environmental Justice: Responsibility
Social Cohesion
Other 0
Urban planning and governance Urban planning and form
Governance in planning
Other 0
People Security Control of crimes
Control of extraordinary events
Other 0
Green economy Circular economy
Bioeconomy activities
Direct economic value of NBS
Other 0
Stakeholder and Governance
Who Started this initiative? Governments • Local government/municipality
Contracting Authority
Project manager (leader and main partners): entities names, and know-how involved
Who (else) was involved in the project ? (Inhabitants, local association, etc.)
More detail on the process and the role of the different stakeholders (How did it happen?)
OPTIONAL Considering the actual impacts, who are the primary beneficiaries of the project.
Cluster Governance Model Description
cluster2_new_public_managementPublic_private_partnership The project is financed by the national, regional and local government and Europe (LIFE).
Global Estimated cost of the project -
Cluster CLUSTER 1: public financing CLUSTER 2: Financial institutions CLUSTER 3: Citizen inclusion
Description of the financing mechanism The project is financed by the national, regional and local government and Europe (LIFE).
Business Model
Class Type Description
Temporal Factor
Expected time for the NBS to be fully effective after its implementation
Expected life time of the intervention
Already feedbacks on the project? In case, the project has already been adapted to new requisites, please explain the modifications brought
Success and limiting factors
Process Enablers
Class Subclass Type Description
Knowledge_driversGeneration of evidence Collaboration Awareness • Research on benefits • Research on cost effectiveness; • Networks; • Ecological memory -
Process Inhibitors
Class Subclass Type Description
Knowledge_driversTechnical inadequacy • Lack of ready-to-apply scientific results, concepts and technologies
What makes this project a pioneer?
Brief description of the innovativeness
Has the project received a prize, an award?
Has the project received a media coverage? (in reviews, in press, etc.)
IM Keywords