Nature Based Solutions - Implementation Models Database

Implementation model

Smart City District Utrecht

A short description of the NBS project

The Utrecht Smart Sustainable District is a European innovation project that aims at making the city centre of Utrecht more sustainable and healthier. Utrecht is selected as a pilot by the European Climate KIC programme Smart Sustainable Districts. The Programme also supports the project. Climate KIC consists of an association and a private company funded by the European Commission (European Institute of Innovation and Technology) that seeks to drive climate innovation through partnerships. Utrecht is taking a number of measures to stimulate sustainable behaviour: reduce car use, promote use of public transport and bicycles, energy neural constructions, efficient water management (water storage and re-use), sustainable heating and cooling systems, greening, more space for pedestrians, sustainable energy production, storage and consumption, green roofs and urban agriculture. These measures are necessary to deal with urban challenges such as air pollution, greenhouse gas emissions and climate change. The municipality of Utrecht works together with international and national research institutes, citizens, local companies, Climate KIC and foundation the Jaarbeurs to realise the plans. An important aspect of the process is co-development and interaction with stakeholders from the neighbourhoods that are involved in this project by means of ‘round table sessions’ in which they can discuss plans. . Other partners are the national transport companies and the ministry for infrastructure and the environment.

NBS Implementation context
Location Netherlands, Utrecht (The Netherlands)
Status Project delivered (2015-2016)
Description of the NBS
NBS Scale city
NBS Impacts scale City
Urban density/ Soil consumption High (dense city center)
Combined with other(s) environmental friendly solution(s)?
if other
NBS Typology
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NBS Uban Challenges
Climate Issues Climate mitigation
Climate adaptation
Other 0
Urban water management and quality Urban water management and quality
Flood management
Other 0
Air Quality Air quality at district/city scale
Air quality locally
Other 0
Urban Space and Biodiversity Biodiversity
Urban space design
Urban space management
Other 0
Urban Regeneration and Soil Air quality at district/city scale
Other 0
Resource efficiency Food, energy and water
Raw materials
Other 0
Public health and well-being Acustic
Quality of life
Other 0
Environmental justice and social cohesion Environmental Justice: Recognition
Environmental Justice: Procedural Justice
Environmental Justice: Distributional Justice
Environmental Justice: Capabilities
Environmental Justice: Responsibility
Social Cohesion
Other 0
Urban planning and governance Urban planning and form
Governance in planning
Other 0
People Security Control of crimes
Control of extraordinary events
Other 0
Green economy Circular economy
Bioeconomy activities
Direct economic value of NBS
Other 0
Stakeholder and Governance
Who Started this initiative? Governments • Local government/municipality (Utrech Municipality)
Contracting Authority
Project manager (leader and main partners): entities names, and know-how involved
Who (else) was involved in the project ? (Inhabitants, local association, etc.)
More detail on the process and the role of the different stakeholders (How did it happen?)
OPTIONAL Considering the actual impacts, who are the primary beneficiaries of the project.
Cluster Governance Model Description
Global Estimated cost of the project -
Cluster cluster1_public_financing
FM Public financing
Description of the financing mechanism -
Business Model
Class Type Description
Temporal Factor
Expected time for the NBS to be fully effective after its implementation
Expected life time of the intervention
Already feedbacks on the project? In case, the project has already been adapted to new requisites, please explain the modifications brought
Success and limiting factors
Process Enablers
Class Subclass Type Description
Knowledge_driversGeneration of evidence Collaboration • Research on benefits; • Co-creation -
Process Inhibitors
Class Subclass Type Description
Knowledge_driversTechnical inadequacy • Lack of ready-to-apply scientific results, concepts and technologies
What makes this project a pioneer?
Brief description of the innovativeness
Has the project received a prize, an award?
Has the project received a media coverage? (in reviews, in press, etc.)
IM Keywords