Nature Based Solutions - Implementation Models Database

Implementation model

UK National Forest

A short description of the NBS project

The National Forest idea was conceived in the Government policy document ‘Forestry in the Countryside’ published in 1987. The concept was to create a vast, new forest for the nation in lowland Britain that demonstrated the principles of multi-purpose forestry and improved an area badly scarred by past mineral workings. Further, the aim was to demonstrate in lowland Britain that a large scale, attractive forest could be created, blending commercial forestry with ecological, landscape and public benefit. Economic regeneration was to come from the restoration of mining sites and the future of agriculture was to be supported through opportunities for rural diversification. Commercial forestry was therefore blended with a range of additional objectives and benefits including economic regeneration, landscape and ecological enhancement, rural diversification and community engagement, and creation of a new recreational and tourism resource. The Forest area spans 518 km2, representing an increase from 6% to nearly 19% since 1990.

NBS Implementation context
Location Britain ,
Latitude
Longitude
Status Ongoing (Since 1990s)
Dates
Description of the NBS
NBS Scale city
NBS Impacts scale Regional
Urban density/ Soil consumption Low (suburb at the limit with rural areas, etc.)
Combined with other(s) environmental friendly solution(s)?
if other
NBS Typology
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NBS Uban Challenges
Climate Issues Climate mitigation
Climate adaptation
Other 0
Urban water management and quality Urban water management and quality
Flood management
Other 0
Air Quality Air quality at district/city scale
Air quality locally
Other 0
Urban Space and Biodiversity Biodiversity
Urban space design
Urban space management
Other 0
Urban Regeneration and Soil Air quality at district/city scale
Other 0
Resource efficiency Food, energy and water
Raw materials
Waste
Recycling
Other 0
Public health and well-being Acustic
Quality of life
Health
Other 0
Environmental justice and social cohesion Environmental Justice: Recognition
Environmental Justice: Procedural Justice
Environmental Justice: Distributional Justice
Environmental Justice: Capabilities
Environmental Justice: Responsibility
Social Cohesion
Other 0
Urban planning and governance Urban planning and form
Governance in planning
Other 0
People Security Control of crimes
Control of extraordinary events
Other 0
Green economy Circular economy
Bioeconomy activities
Direct economic value of NBS
Other 0
Other
Stakeholder and Governance
Who Started this initiative? Governments • National government
Contracting Authority
Project manager (leader and main partners): entities names, and know-how involved
Who (else) was involved in the project ? (Inhabitants, local association, etc.)
More detail on the process and the role of the different stakeholders (How did it happen?)
OPTIONAL Considering the actual impacts, who are the primary beneficiaries of the project.
Cluster Governance Model Description
cluster2_new_public_managementPublic_private_partnership The idea of a new forest for England was proposed by Government as a national project. Central Government, (Defra) provides £3.5m pa. Additional public sector money is levered in for projects, whilst private sector companies sponsor activity and tree planting. The voluntary sector (e.g. Wildlife Trusts and Woodland Trusts) draws in its resources to manage some of the woodlands in the Forest.
Financing
Global Estimated cost of the project 210M€
Cluster cluster1_public_financing
FM • EAFRD
Description of the financing mechanism The idea of a new forest for England was proposed by Government as a national project. Central Government, (Defra) provides £3.5m pa. Additional public sector money is levered in for projects, whilst private sector companies sponsor activity and tree planting. The voluntary sector (e.g. Wildlife Trusts and Woodland Trusts) draws in its resources to manage some of the woodlands in the Forest.
Business Model
Class Type Description
-
Temporal Factor
Expected time for the NBS to be fully effective after its implementation
Expected life time of the intervention
Already feedbacks on the project? In case, the project has already been adapted to new requisites, please explain the modifications brought
Success and limiting factors
Process Enablers
Class Subclass Type Description
Knowledge_driversCollaborationCo_creation-
Governance_driversProcess efficiencies Self- governance • Collaboration; • Grassroots innovations and transition initiatives
Economy_driversDe_risking• Sharing risks
Process Inhibitors
Class Subclass Type Description
Knowledge_drivers-
Governance_drivers-
Economy_driversBudget constraints • NBS not a priority
What makes this project a pioneer?
Field
Criteria
Brief description of the innovativeness
Has the project received a prize, an award?
Has the project received a media coverage? (in reviews, in press, etc.)
IM Keywords
References