Nature Based Solutions - Implementation Models Database

Implementation model

European funds for flood protection measures in Smolyan

A short description of the NBS project

In response to flooding causing damage in Smolyan’s Ustovo neighbourhood in 2005, the city implemented a number of flood protection measures consisting of two main construction works: 1) expansion and cleaning of the riverbed of the Cherna River to have a higher capacity for dealing with high amounts of water; 2) reconstruction and upgrading of the existing retaining walls and construction of new walls with reinforced concrete railings and parapets on the left and right bank of the river. These works are carried out through nine sub-projects. In total 240 metres of new flood walls were built, and over 430 metres of existing walls were reinforced. The new Municipal Development Plan envisages construction of additional facilities to prevent flooding, including cleaning the riverbeds of vegetation and sediments, reconstruction of the two municipal dams (Kiranov dol and Laga) and forestation of adjacent land. All the constructions aimed at minimizing the chance on future floods thereby avoiding damage and possible negative impacts on human health and the environment. The cost of about €480.000 was mainly derived from funding by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF).

NBS Implementation context
Location Bulgaria, Smolyan (Bulgaria)
Latitude
Longitude
Status Project delivered (June 2011 – June 2013)
Dates
Description of the NBS
NBS Scale object (building, etc.)
NBS Impacts scale • Object (building, etc.) • Neighbourhood • City
Urban density/ Soil consumption High (dense city center, etc.)
Combined with other(s) environmental friendly solution(s)?
if other
NBS Typology
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NBS Uban Challenges
Climate Issues Climate mitigation
Climate adaptation
Other 0
Urban water management and quality Urban water management and quality
Flood management
Other 0
Air Quality Air quality at district/city scale
Air quality locally
Other 0
Urban Space and Biodiversity Biodiversity
Urban space design
Urban space management
Other 0
Urban Regeneration and Soil Air quality at district/city scale
Other 0
Resource efficiency Food, energy and water
Raw materials
Waste
Recycling
Other 0
Public health and well-being Acustic
Quality of life
Health
Other 0
Environmental justice and social cohesion Environmental Justice: Recognition
Environmental Justice: Procedural Justice
Environmental Justice: Distributional Justice
Environmental Justice: Capabilities
Environmental Justice: Responsibility
Social Cohesion
Other 0
Urban planning and governance Urban planning and form
Governance in planning
Other 0
People Security Control of crimes
Control of extraordinary events
Other 0
Green economy Circular economy
Bioeconomy activities
Direct economic value of NBS
Other 0
Other
Stakeholder and Governance
Who Started this initiative? Governments • Local government/municipality (Smolyan Municipality)
Contracting Authority
Project manager (leader and main partners): entities names, and know-how involved
Who (else) was involved in the project ? (Inhabitants, local association, etc.)
More detail on the process and the role of the different stakeholders (How did it happen?)
OPTIONAL Considering the actual impacts, who are the primary beneficiaries of the project.
Cluster Governance Model Description
cluster1_traditional_public_administrationParticipatory_planning_and_budgetingThe costs of the flood protection measures combined surmounted to 933.438 Bulgarian Lev (€477.259). A small part, 5% of the total sum (€24.010) was provided from the municipal budget of Smolyan. The majority of funding (€453.249) originated from the EU through the Operational Programme “Regional Development 2007 – 2013”. This programme was approved by the European Commission in 2007 and applied to the whole territory of Bulgaria for the period 2007-2013 with main objectives to reduce the socio-economic differences between Bulgaria and other EU Member States; to make living and working conditions in Bulgaria more attractive; to develop tourism potential and to stimulate investments in smaller municipalities. The Operational Programme fell under the framework laid out for Convergence and Regional Competitiveness and Employment Objectives (co-funded by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF)) and had a total budget of around €1.6 billion.
Financing
Global Estimated cost of the project 200k€- 1M€ (€477.259)
Cluster cluster1_public_financing
FM CLUSTER 1: Public financing
Description of the financing mechanism The costs of the flood protection measures combined surmounted to 933.438 Bulgarian Lev (€477.259). A small part, 5% of the total sum (€24.010) was provided from the municipal budget of Smolyan. The majority of funding (€453.249) originated from the EU through the Operational Programme “Regional Development 2007 – 2013”. This programme was approved by the European Commission in 2007 and applied to the whole territory of Bulgaria for the period 2007-2013 with main objectives to reduce the socio-economic differences between Bulgaria and other EU Member States; to make living and working conditions in Bulgaria more attractive; to develop tourism potential and to stimulate investments in smaller municipalities. The Operational Programme fell under the framework laid out for Convergence and Regional Competitiveness and Employment Objectives (co-funded by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF)) and had a total budget of around €1.6 billion.
Business Model
Class Type Description
-
Temporal Factor
Expected time for the NBS to be fully effective after its implementation
Expected life time of the intervention
Already feedbacks on the project? In case, the project has already been adapted to new requisites, please explain the modifications brought
Success and limiting factors
Process Enablers
Class Subclass Type Description
Knowledge_driversInformation accessibility and sharing • Knowledge platforms Funding by the EU was an important factor in enabling the construction works. The municipality applied for funding with the Operational Programme ‘Regional Development’, for which granting can be hard sometimes. Municipal experts took care of the application form and they had access to all the information required for the project, including preliminary studies and technical designs, as well as a clearly defined goal. This helped them greatly in the process of applying for EU funding. The project proposal was submitted to the ministry of regional development in 2012. The ministry acted at the time as a managing authority of this programme and when the project was granted, a contract was drafted between the ministry and the municipality of Smolyan. In the next phase, an open procedure was started for the construction work. The construction company answered directly to the municipality, who in turn reported to the ministry. Other factors that contributed to the smooth implementation of the project were the fact that the land on which the measures are being implemented is owned by the municipality and that it was easy to obtain building permits.
Process Inhibitors
Class Subclass Type Description
Knowledge_drivers--
What makes this project a pioneer?
Field
Criteria
Brief description of the innovativeness
Has the project received a prize, an award?
Has the project received a media coverage? (in reviews, in press, etc.)
IM Keywords
References