Nature Based Solutions - Implementation Models Database

Implementation model

European Economic Area grants for implementing Climate Adaptation measures in Bratislava

A short description of the NBS project

In Bratislava, climate change will be felt particularly in the expected rise in average temperature, more heat waves, and long periods of drought on the one hand, and more extreme rainfall, resulting in an increased risk of local floods. Therefore, the City of Bratislava has prepared and approved a strategy on adaptation to climate change trough an Adaptation Action Plan. This plan promoted delivery of climate change adaptation through different types of adaptation measures (with special focus on heat and rainwater management) and cooperation among decision-makers, planners, the private sector and local communities. The main target groups are the inhabitants of Bratislava city, especially the vulnerable groups (elderly people and children). Adaptation measures addressed the creation of more green spaces and permeable surfaces in a number of different sub-projects throughout the city. For all of the sub-projects the city of Bratislava organized the process towards implementation (planning, negotiating with the funding organization, design). The main sub-projects are: • Rehabilitation of a square (Námestie hraničiarov) in the city district of Petržalka of the city of Bratislava. On a square of about 1ha the pavement are replaced by grass areas, trees and flower beds. A water capturing and irrigation system ensures resilience to drought. The project is implemented by the city district of Petržalka. • A green roof of 1,000sqm size on a care home for elderly people owned by the city of Bratislava. The main function is buffering the discharge of excess rainwater. • On two important squares in the city centre, trees have been planted to provide shade on hot days. This very visible result has been realized after very long negotiations with many departments in the city, overcoming arguments on the historic character of the squares, archaeological issues, etc. The project was implemented by the city. • Two tree-lined avenues have been realized providing cool corridors that connect important big roads in the old town. The project was implemented by the city. • In Svoradova street, in an area with previously no green public spaces, a 1.000sqm park are realized. It contains a variety of water retention measures (sustainable drainage systems and underground rain water storage tanks) implemented by the Old town district. • Nové Mesto district was historically an industrialized area with food processing factories and chemical industry. Today the brownfields are being transformed into apartment houses. The former velodrome (about 3ha) is revitalized and transformed into a multifunctional leisure area and a new green space for the inhabitants is created. The newly developed areas contain various recreational elements for the inhabitants and their children, including playgrounds and visible water flows. • In the Bratislava Forest Park (a 19th century designed landscape park) existing water reservoirs of one of the very few remaining streams flowing down from the Male Karpaty mountain range are revitalized. These are important from the point of view of fire protection of the forests and surrounding areas, but they also support local 1 and can take-up excess rain water in times of heavy rainfall which would otherwise flow into the city. The project ‘Bratislava is preparing for climate change’ also includes a small projects grant scheme for support of sustainable drainage systems. The benefits of the project and related sub-projects are difficult to directly express in terms of money. Financial benefits are for example related to less damage caused by flooding during expected intense rainfalls, and better health conditions leading to less medical and societal costs for vulnerable people during heat-waves by providing areas with shade. Apart from climate change aspects, green spaces in general contribute to well-being. In addition, the cooperation among project partners and exchange of experience and knowledge that are built up during this project will pave the way for future projects to implement the Adaptation Action Plan.

NBS Implementation context
Location Slovakia, Bratislava (Slovakia)
Latitude
Longitude
Status Project delivered (2014-2017)
Dates
Description of the NBS
NBS Scale object (building, etc.)
NBS Impacts scale • Object (buildings, streets, squares, etc.) • Neighbourhood • City
Urban density/ Soil consumption High (dense city center, etc.)
Combined with other(s) environmental friendly solution(s)?
if other
NBS Typology
Open the NBS Solution Explorer
NBS Uban Challenges
Climate Issues Climate mitigation
Climate adaptation
Other 0
Urban water management and quality Urban water management and quality
Flood management
Other 0
Air Quality Air quality at district/city scale
Air quality locally
Other 0
Urban Space and Biodiversity Biodiversity
Urban space design
Urban space management
Other 0
Urban Regeneration and Soil Air quality at district/city scale
Other 0
Resource efficiency Food, energy and water
Raw materials
Waste
Recycling
Other 0
Public health and well-being Acustic
Quality of life
Health
Other 0
Environmental justice and social cohesion Environmental Justice: Recognition
Environmental Justice: Procedural Justice
Environmental Justice: Distributional Justice
Environmental Justice: Capabilities
Environmental Justice: Responsibility
Social Cohesion
Other 0
Urban planning and governance Urban planning and form
Governance in planning
Other 0
People Security Control of crimes
Control of extraordinary events
Other 0
Green economy Circular economy
Bioeconomy activities
Direct economic value of NBS
Other 0
Other
Stakeholder and Governance
Who Started this initiative? Governments • Local government/municipality (Bratislava City Office)
Contracting Authority
Project manager (leader and main partners): entities names, and know-how involved
Who (else) was involved in the project ? (Inhabitants, local association, etc.)
More detail on the process and the role of the different stakeholders (How did it happen?)
OPTIONAL Considering the actual impacts, who are the primary beneficiaries of the project.
Cluster Governance Model Description
cluster5_network_governanceCollaborative_governanceTotal project costs for the whole ‘Bratislava is preparing for Climate Change’ project are €3.337.640, of which € 2.411.445 come from EEA Grants (financed by Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway and available to the 13 EU member countries as support to 5 priority sectors including Adaptation to Climate Change - Flood and Drought Prevention). The remaining € 926.195 comes from the Bratislava City office and the City Districts of Nové Mesto and Petržalka. The budget was divided over the partners according to their contribution to sub-projects and project management tasks. In particular, the stakeholders directly financially involved are: Bratislava City Office, City district Bratislava - Nové Mesto ‘New Town’ and City district Bratislava – Petržalka, COWI. Costs of the total project are management costs, publicity, small grants, and construction activities.
Financing
Global Estimated cost of the project 1M€- 5M€ (€ 3.337.640)
Cluster CLUSTER 1: Public financing; CLUSTER 2: Financial institutions
FM • EEA - European Economic Area
Description of the financing mechanism Total project costs for the whole ‘Bratislava is preparing for Climate Change’ project are €3.337.640, of which € 2.411.445 come from EEA Grants (financed by Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway and available to the 13 EU member countries as support to 5 priority sectors including Adaptation to Climate Change - Flood and Drought Prevention). The remaining € 926.195 comes from the Bratislava City office and the City Districts of Nové Mesto and Petržalka. The budget was divided over the partners according to their contribution to sub-projects and project management tasks. In particular, the stakeholders directly financially involved are: Bratislava City Office, City district Bratislava - Nové Mesto ‘New Town’ and City district Bratislava – Petržalka, COWI. Costs of the total project are management costs, publicity, small grants, and construction activities.
Business Model
Class Type Description
-
Temporal Factor
Expected time for the NBS to be fully effective after its implementation
Expected life time of the intervention
Already feedbacks on the project? In case, the project has already been adapted to new requisites, please explain the modifications brought
Success and limiting factors
Process Enablers
Class Subclass Type Description
Knowledge_driversGeneration of evidence Awareness • Lesson learnt through implemented projects; • Climate Change In the ‘EU Cities Adapt project’ (a project of the European Commission run during 2012-2013 and aimed at capacity building for adaptation strategies for European cities) the city of Bratislava was one of the selected cities for the training phase. Within this project Bratislava established a working group in which the City Chief Architect and all relevant departments within the city participated. This working group identified the climate risks of the city, engaged external stakeholders and developed a draft adaptation strategy. This work formed the basis of the proposal to apply for EEA Grants. In the meantime the adaption strategy was developed into a draft climate Adaptation Action Plan. This predecessor project helped the city review its climate risks and corresponding adaptation needs and formed the basic project idea and objectives. Therefore it was one of the two key success factors in obtaining the funding. On the other hand, the good support from the Government Office of the Slovak Republic, which has an EEA Grants Department, and the user-friendly application procedure of the EEA grant facilitated the process of applying for the necessary project funding. Bratislava City Office applied for funding under an EEA Grants open call in order to implement a number of measures that were identified during the development of the climate Adaptation Action Plan. The timing of the call fitted perfectly with the stage of development of the action plan which is currently being finalised. Two limiting factors contributing to some delays can be highlighted as follows. First, a limiting factor have been the complex procedures for the implementation of measures in terms of permits and obligations for public works, time consuming public procurement procedures, and archaeological aspects that have to be taken into account in a historical city. Another limiting factor is that the Bratislava districts themselves have their independent governance structure which makes it more difficult for Bratislava City Office to coordinate processes.
Governance_driversProcess efficiencies Co-creation and participation • Collaboration; • Involvement of urban government
Economy_driversDe-risking • Sharing risks • Public de-risking strategies
Process Inhibitors
Class Subclass Type Description
Knowledge_drivers-
Governance_drivers Institutional barriers • Lack of coordination between city departments • Bureaucracy and unsupportive legal frameworks
Economy_drivers-
What makes this project a pioneer?
Field
Criteria
Brief description of the innovativeness
Has the project received a prize, an award?
Has the project received a media coverage? (in reviews, in press, etc.)
IM Keywords
References