Nature Based Solutions - Implementation Models Database
A short description of the NBS project
The project aimed to restore and conserve semi-natural coastal ecosystems through a set of interrelated activities that support rural economic development for local people and increase the attractiveness of the area. The project was originally part of a Helsinki Commission (HELCOM) effort to develop an Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) plan for the Southeast Baltic Region, thus encompassing a semi-enclosed area in Estonia covering ca. 2,000 km2.Activities were focused on restoring the semi-natural coastal grasslands through a combination of cattle farming (mowing, grazing and clearing activities), sustainable extraction for handicraft production and ecotourism, as well as ecological education and awareness-building efforts.
The area being addressed in this project was designated by the Ramsar Convention as being a wetland of international importance. Birdlife International also classified the area as an “Important Bird Area”. The project was also originally designed as one of six pilot projects to develop and implement Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) plans for the sustainable development of lagoons and wetlands in order to protect the ecology of the Baltic Sea.
NBS Implementation context
Project delivered (1997 – 2004)
Description of the NBS
NBS Impacts scale
Urban density/ Soil consumption
Combined with other(s) environmental friendly solution(s)?