Nature Based Solutions - Implementation Models Database

Implementation model


A short description of the NBS project

The project aimed to restore and conserve semi-natural coastal ecosystems through a set of interrelated activities that support rural economic development for local people and increase the attractiveness of the area. The project was originally part of a Helsinki Commission (HELCOM) effort to develop an Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) plan for the Southeast Baltic Region, thus encompassing a semi-enclosed area in Estonia covering ca. 2,000 km2.Activities were focused on restoring the semi-natural coastal grasslands through a combination of cattle farming (mowing, grazing and clearing activities), sustainable extraction for handicraft production and ecotourism, as well as ecological education and awareness-building efforts. The area being addressed in this project was designated by the Ramsar Convention as being a wetland of international importance. Birdlife International also classified the area as an “Important Bird Area”. The project was also originally designed as one of six pilot projects to develop and implement Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) plans for the sustainable development of lagoons and wetlands in order to protect the ecology of the Baltic Sea.

NBS Implementation context
Location Estonia, Väinameri
Status Project delivered (1997 – 2004)
Description of the NBS
NBS Scale city
NBS Impacts scale Regional
Urban density/ Soil consumption
Combined with other(s) environmental friendly solution(s)?
if other
NBS Typology
Open the NBS Solution Explorer
NBS Uban Challenges
Climate Issues Climate mitigation
Climate adaptation
Other 0
Urban water management and quality Urban water management and quality
Flood management
Other 0
Air Quality Air quality at district/city scale
Air quality locally
Other 0
Urban Space and Biodiversity Biodiversity
Urban space design
Urban space management
Other 0
Urban Regeneration and Soil Air quality at district/city scale
Other 0
Resource efficiency Food, energy and water
Raw materials
Other 0
Public health and well-being Acustic
Quality of life
Other 0
Environmental justice and social cohesion Environmental Justice: Recognition
Environmental Justice: Procedural Justice
Environmental Justice: Distributional Justice
Environmental Justice: Capabilities
Environmental Justice: Responsibility
Social Cohesion
Other 0
Urban planning and governance Urban planning and form
Governance in planning
Other 0
People Security Control of crimes
Control of extraordinary events
Other 0
Green economy Circular economy
Bioeconomy activities
Direct economic value of NBS
Other 0
Stakeholder and Governance
Who Started this initiative? Governments • Semi-government organizations / institutions
Contracting Authority
Project manager (leader and main partners): entities names, and know-how involved
Who (else) was involved in the project ? (Inhabitants, local association, etc.)
More detail on the process and the role of the different stakeholders (How did it happen?)
OPTIONAL Considering the actual impacts, who are the primary beneficiaries of the project.
Cluster Governance Model Description
Global Estimated cost of the project 184.191
Cluster N.a.
Description of the financing mechanism -
Business Model
Class Type Description
Temporal Factor
Expected time for the NBS to be fully effective after its implementation
Expected life time of the intervention
Already feedbacks on the project? In case, the project has already been adapted to new requisites, please explain the modifications brought
Success and limiting factors
Process Enablers
Class Subclass Type Description
Knowledge_driversGeneration of evidence Collaboration Awareness • Research on benefits • Research on cost effectiveness;• Networks; • Climate Change • Ecological memory -
Governance_driversProcess efficiencies Self- governance; Co-creation and participation • Action- thinking approach; • Grassroots innovations and transition initiatives; • Cross sectorial spaces and partnerships • Co-production
Economy_driversGovernment support Create conditions for new business models and finance schemes • Removal of administrative barriers • Public-private partnerships;
Process Inhibitors
Class Subclass Type Description
Knowledge_driversUncertainty Technical inadequacy • Operational unknown • Performance unknown; • Lack of ready-to-apply scientific results, concepts and technologies
Economy_drivers Perception of the benefits • Under appreciation of non-economic benefits
What makes this project a pioneer?
Brief description of the innovativeness
Has the project received a prize, an award?
Has the project received a media coverage? (in reviews, in press, etc.)
IM Keywords