Nature Based Solutions - Implementation Models Database

Pioneer Case

Urban Public Space Refurbishment, Szeged

A short description of the NBS project

Szeged is a mid-size historic city in the south of Hungary, the temperature is usually higher than in other similar -sized cities in the coutry. The goal of this project was to reduce the effects of the urban heat island in a very busy street with a lot of cars and shops. The idea was to increase the green area, plant trees, creating a more pleasant space for the pedestrians. The project has a significant effect which stimulated the economy as well. The Kölcsey street functioned as a parking place, it hadnt any trees or other vegetation. This street is next to Kárász street, which is the main shopping promenade of Szeged. The goal was the planting and to free the area of the cars.

NBS Implementation context
Location Hungary, Szeged
Latitude 46.251656
Longitude 20.145607
Status Project delivered
Dates 2009-2010
Description of the NBS
NBS Scale neighbourhood
NBS Impacts scale neighbourhood
Urban density/ Soil consumption high (dense city center, etc.)
Combined with other(s) environmental friendly solution(s)?
if other
NBS Typology
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NBS Uban Challenges
Climate Issues Climate mitigation
Climate adaptation
Other 0;
Urban water management and quality Urban water management and quality
Flood management
Other 0
Air Quality Air quality at district/city scale
Air quality locally
Other 0
Urban Space and Biodiversity Biodiversity
Urban space design
Urban space management
Other 0;
Urban Regeneration and Soil Air quality at district/city scale
Other 0
Resource efficiency Food, energy and water
Raw materials
Other 0;
Public health and well-being Acustic
Quality of life
Other 0;
Environmental justice and social cohesion Environmental Justice: Recognition
Environmental Justice: Procedural Justice
Environmental Justice: Distributional Justice
Environmental Justice: Capabilities
Environmental Justice: Responsibility
Social Cohesion
Other 1;0;
Urban planning and governance Urban planning and form
Governance in planning
Other 0;
People Security Control of crimes
Control of extraordinary events
Other 0;
Green economy Circular economy
Bioeconomy activities
Direct economic value of NBS
Other 0;
Stakeholder and Governance
Who Started this initiative? A public institution, a local organization (city or metropolitan)
Contracting Authority the local municipality
Project manager (leader and main partners): entities names, and know-how involved Leader: Ágnes Igaz dr.( SZMJV - Szeged Municipality Development Office) Main partners: Szeged Pólus Nonprofit Kft., Municipality of Szeged & Reök Palace
Who (else) was involved in the project ? (Inhabitants, local association, etc.) The preparation and the realization of the project was managed by exclusively the local municipality of Szeged and the development company owned by the municipality. They made a research analysing the marketing of the project and both the potential stakeholders. But it was found, the owners and service providers of the area cannot take part in the financing of the project The reason of that is, that the same persons involved invested their private capital to reovate their own real estates, thus they hadnt have any more resources.
More detail on the process and the role of the different stakeholders (How did it happen?) DAOP - South Alföld OpreationalProgramme (this found on EU sources), Szeged City Munkcipality, Reök Palace as a cultural partner were also involved in the project. The DAOP provided the 90% of the cost, and the municipality 10%. The project management and the realization was carried out by the Szeged Pólus Nonprfit Ltd (owned by the municipality) and the Szeged Municipality Development Office. The cultural demands were defined by the Management of Reök Palace, as the main user of the renovated area in in the future. The place is in front of the cultural building of Reök, thus it became an important venue of cultural events.
OPTIONAL Considering the actual impacts, who are the primary beneficiaries of the project. Citizens- customers, pedestrians, bikers, tourists and guests of the city.
Cluster Governance Model Description
cluster1_traditional_public_administrationHierarchical_governanceThe municipality coordinated the project and for above mentioned reasons they couldn't involve any stakeholders.
Global Estimated cost of the project 200k€- 1M€
Cluster cluster2_financial_institution
Description of the financing mechanism The 90% of cost was financed by European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI), and the 10% of the cost was covered by the Szeged Municipality.
Business Model
Class Type Description
TechnologicalMaximize material productivity and energy efficiencyThe model and the project was accurately prepared. There was a consultation with all regionally relevant authorities, thus the implementation process was fluent.
SocialEncourage sufficiency
OrganizationalDevelop scale-up solutions
Temporal Factor
Expected time for the NBS to be fully effective after its implementation short (immediately to few months)
Expected life time of the intervention around 25 years
Already feedbacks on the project? In case, the project has already been adapted to new requisites, please explain the modifications brought A pleasent city millieu was created instead of the street with a lot of parking car and no trees. Thus this area became a popular and adequate city space, a lot of new shops and catering establishments opened, ensuring a vivid city life. Summer climate conditions are more pleasant as well.
Success and limiting factors
Process Enablers
Class Subclass Type Description
Knowledge_driversAwarenessNBS_ambassadorsThe project implementation was coherent with the Green City Concept.
Governance_driverscocreation_and_participationreflective/adaptive governance
Process Inhibitors
Class Subclass Type Description
Knowledge_barriersUncertaintyOperation_unknowThe owners of shops were unhappy because of the lack of parking lots, thus the shop-fitting became difficoult. It was necessary to introduce some special regulations for shops. A new parking garage was built in the proximinty of the area, but citizens needed some time to get used to the new regulations.
What makes this project a pioneer?
Field Design_or_techniques_employed
Brief description of the innovativeness The Szeged Green City Programme was started with the implementation of this project. It was very important for the local authority to demonstrate the skills in implementation of urban green project. They made a large feasibility study on the implementation, the risks, cooperations neded and social acceptance of the project. A new business model was introduced too.
Has the project received a prize, an award?
Has the project received a media coverage? (in reviews, in press, etc.) It was presented in the local media.
IM Keywords
  • street trees

  • reduce urban heat island

Action plan 2007-2009 by Szeged Town Municipality (Kölcsey street and other actoin area) Published Documents on Home Page of Szeged Town