Nature Based Solutions - Implementation Models Database

Pioneer Case

Urban regeneration in Ferencvaros

A short description of the NBS project

The target area is located in the heart of Budapest. This pioneer project was realized before urban planners would have regognized the importance of urban green spaces. At the same time this project brought measurable market benefits (appreciation of occupied property), also helped to create a neighbourhood community. The project was a succesful tool in mitigating the negative effects of urban heat island, and summer air temperatures significantly decreased. The objective of the action is the complex development of a run-down part of the district.

NBS Implementation context
Location Hungary, Budapest
Latitude 47.481380
Longitude 19.073573
Status Ongoing
Dates 1992- todays
Description of the NBS
NBS Scale neighbourhood
NBS Impacts scale object (building, etc.)
Urban density/ Soil consumption high (dense city center, etc.)
Combined with other(s) environmental friendly solution(s)?
if other
NBS Typology
Open the NBS Solution Explorer
NBS Uban Challenges
Climate Issues Climate mitigation
Climate adaptation
Other 0;
Urban water management and quality Urban water management and quality
Flood management
Other 0
Air Quality Air quality at district/city scale
Air quality locally
Other 0
Urban Space and Biodiversity Biodiversity
Urban space design
Urban space management
Other 0;
Urban Regeneration and Soil Air quality at district/city scale
Other 0
Resource efficiency Food, energy and water
Raw materials
Waste
Recycling
Other 0;
Public health and well-being Acustic
Quality of life
Health
Other 0;
Environmental justice and social cohesion Environmental Justice: Recognition
Environmental Justice: Procedural Justice
Environmental Justice: Distributional Justice
Environmental Justice: Capabilities
Environmental Justice: Responsibility
Social Cohesion
Other 1;0;
Urban planning and governance Urban planning and form
Governance in planning
Other 0;
People Security Control of crimes
Control of extraordinary events
Other 0;
Green economy Circular economy
Bioeconomy activities
Direct economic value of NBS
Other 0;
Other
Stakeholder and Governance
Who Started this initiative? Other
Contracting Authority the local municipality
Project manager (leader and main partners): entities names, and know-how involved Leader: FEV 09. V.Zrt. (Urban Development Corporation owned by the Municipality) Main partners: 09. District Muncipality of Budapest, citizens & investors
Who (else) was involved in the project ? (Inhabitants, local association, etc.) In the beginning of the 90s some urban planners started to think about the refurbishment of the area inFerencváros. This area lost role in city, because it started to turn into slum. The houses became obsolete and deteriorated. The population changed, and segregation of lower strata was typical. But this area was in the city centre, near the tubestation, near the most frequented tramline. The planners thought to involve a new concept for both the urban rehabilitation and the financing modell. They successfully could convinced the municipality about the new concept. The involvment of private investors was terribly new at that time in Hungary. It became a modell for further urban rehabilitation projects in Hungary. The founding of the FEV 09 Zrt. was also a part of the implementation process. This was the first company to be founded by a municipality for implementing urban rehabilitation projects. Later several more followed.
More detail on the process and the role of the different stakeholders (How did it happen?) This was basically one of the first projects where participatory planning was introduced in Hungary. Participatory planning tools were used in several phases of the project with different circles of stakeholders.
OPTIONAL Considering the actual impacts, who are the primary beneficiaries of the project. Local population and citizens from other districts, who moved into the new flats, or those who work here. (For example MUTK also is located in one of the new buildings.) In this area there are many institutions, universities, theatres, hospitals too, therefore the customers of these buildings are beneficiaries of the project too.
Cluster Governance Model Description
cluster2_new_public_ managementIt's a classical PPP project. FEV 09 has been coordinating the project for more than 20 years.
Financing
Global Estimated cost of the project 200k€- 1M€
Cluster cluster2_financial institution
FM Private Finance Initiative (PFI)
Description of the financing mechanism The goal was to achieve that each forint (HUF) of local government contribution, 10 forints private equity is involved. The infrastucture development had to be ensured by the municipality and they got the finance source from the sale of building plots of demolished houses.
Business Model
Class Type Description
TechnologicalSubstitute with renewables and natural processesThe municipal tenements were built using own sources and from tenders, and the empty parcels were built in by private capital with new apartment buildings. The gardens were buit by the cooperation of the stakeholders.
SocialEncourage sufficiency
OrganizationalDevelop scale-up solutions
Temporal Factor
Expected time for the NBS to be fully effective after its implementation medium (between 2 to 5 years)
Expected life time of the intervention more than 30
Already feedbacks on the project? In case, the project has already been adapted to new requisites, please explain the modifications brought The project started in 1992, more than 25 years ago. During this time a lot of kind of new solutiona and concepts appeard. The project had to adapted continously to the changing circumstances.
Success and limiting factors
Process Enablers
Class Subclass Type Description
Knowledge_driversAwarenessClimate_changeForward -thinking and suistinable plan, PPP finance, good partners and finding the correct investors
Governance_driversProcess_efficienciesAction_thinking_approach
Economy_driversPublic_private_partnershipsø
Process Inhibitors
Class Subclass Type Description
Knowledge_barriersTechnical_inadequacyLack_of_readytoapply_scientific_resultsFinding the adequate partner, investor was really difficult. In this long time the local political leaderships and stakeholders were changing a lot. In this changing enviroment the project had to keep the initial targets. The urban planners played an important role, from whom the idea of implementation arrived.
Governance_barriersInstitutionnal_barriersLack_of_flexibility_of_decision_making
Economy_barriersBudget_constraintsNBS_not_a_priority
What makes this project a pioneer?
Field The_implementation
Criteria
Brief description of the innovativeness The area was problematic because of slum, varying population, old houses with poor conditions. The financing recourses were limited, the municipality had a lack of resources.
Has the project received a prize, an award? Yes, the project received several different prizes of urban planning, and real estate development.
Has the project received a media coverage? (in reviews, in press, etc.) Numerous articles addressed the process and the results of the Ferencváros area.
IM Keywords
  • public urban gree space

  • reduce urba heat island

References
Ferencvaros fiabci kiadvany, 2017