Nature Based Solutions - Implementation Models Database

Pioneer Case

PRADO reefs

A short description of the NBS project

Ecological restoration by immersing diverse artificial reefs to provide shelters and habitats to marine species. The aim of the project is to diversify and regenerate marine natural resources in order to both make local fishing durable and ecological restoration. The objective of the intervention is the immersion of diverse artificial reefs to provide habitats to aquatic species.

NBS Implementation context
Location France, Marseille
Latitude 43.257594
Longitude 5.320700
Status Project delivered
Dates 2037.0
Description of the NBS
NBS Scale object (building, etc.)
NBS Impacts scale neighbourhood
Urban density/ Soil consumption
Combined with other(s) environmental friendly solution(s)?
if other
NBS Typology
Open the NBS Solution Explorer
NBS Uban Challenges
Climate Issues Climate mitigation
Climate adaptation
Other 0;
Urban water management and quality Urban water management and quality
Flood management
Other 0
Air Quality Air quality at district/city scale
Air quality locally
Other 0
Urban Space and Biodiversity Biodiversity
Urban space design
Urban space management
Other 0;
Urban Regeneration and Soil Air quality at district/city scale
Other 0
Resource efficiency Food, energy and water
Raw materials
Other 0;
Public health and well-being Acustic
Quality of life
Other 1;
Environmental justice and social cohesion Environmental Justice: Recognition
Environmental Justice: Procedural Justice
Environmental Justice: Distributional Justice
Environmental Justice: Capabilities
Environmental Justice: Responsibility
Social Cohesion
Other 0;0;
Urban planning and governance Urban planning and form
Governance in planning
Other 0;
People Security Control of crimes
Control of extraordinary events
Other 0
Green economy Circular economy
Bioeconomy activities
Direct economic value of NBS
Other 0;
Stakeholder and Governance
Who Started this initiative? A public institution, a local organization (city or metropolitan)
Contracting Authority Marseille municipality
Project manager (leader and main partners): entities names, and know-how involved Leader: BRL Ingénierie Main partners: EMCC/ETPO
Who (else) was involved in the project ? (Inhabitants, local association, etc.) The idea of this project had come thanks to an elected representative who wanted to integrate sustainable developpement and ecological services in the Pardo Bay. The project had been then implemented with concertation of scientists, fishermen and local representatives. Artificial reefs had been installed by an engineering society.
More detail on the process and the role of the different stakeholders (How did it happen?) Marseille Oceanographic Center , Comité Local des Pêches et Prud’homie de Marseille, Fédération française d’études et de Sports Sous-Marins (FFESSM), Fédération des Pêcheurs en Mer, Scientific Interest Group Posidonie, P2a Développement, IFREMER, "Côte-Bleue" marine park, DREAL-PACA.
OPTIONAL Considering the actual impacts, who are the primary beneficiaries of the project. Citizens, tourists Fishermen
Cluster Governance Model Description
cluster5_network_governanceCollaborative_governancePartnership between Marseille municipality, public agencies and private compagnies
Global Estimated cost of the project more than 5M€
Cluster cluster1_public_financing
FM Other
Description of the financing mechanism Unknown
Business Model
Class Type Description
SocialAdopt a stewardship roleThe aim of this project is to protect and provide long term benefits related to 1 and then to all the economical activities (fishery, tourism) linked in.
TechnologicalMaximize material productivity and energy efficiency
Temporal Factor
Expected time for the NBS to be fully effective after its implementation large (beyond 5 years)
Expected life time of the intervention more than 30
Already feedbacks on the project? In case, the project has already been adapted to new requisites, please explain the modifications brought
Success and limiting factors
Process Enablers
Class Subclass Type Description
Knowledge_driversAwarenessEcological_memory"Slow-project" and collaboration between various stakeholders Take time to implement the project allows to have a better understanding between stakeholders
Process Inhibitors
Class Subclass Type Description
Knowledge_barriersUncertaintyOperation_unknowTechnical pressures due to environmental features
What makes this project a pioneer?
Field The_challenge(s)_targeted
Brief description of the innovativeness Create marine ecological habitats
Has the project received a prize, an award? "Génie écologique 2014" award from Ministry of the Environment
Has the project received a media coverage? (in reviews, in press, etc.) Gallini Philippe, 2017, Marseille : les récifs du Prado, sources de vie, La Provence ???, 2012, Récifs artificiels à Marseille: la biodiversité en hausse de 30%, Le Parisien Laurence Ledireach, 2013, Récifs artificiels de la baie du Prado à Marseille : le suivi des poissons, GIS Posidini
IM Keywords
  • artificial reef