Nature Based Solutions - Implementation Models Database

Pioneer Case

Bioclimatic urban planning manuals for Vitoria-Gasteiz (Spain)

A short description of the NBS project

Assessment handbook that guides specific vegetation choices according to the local climate, thus maximizing resources (soil and water) and improving thermal comfort and the use of public spaces. The aim of the intervention is to establish conditions for normative texts in order to improve thermal comfort and pollution control throughout microclimate managing.

NBS Implementation context
Location Spain, Vitoria-Gasteiz
Latitude 42.846718
Longitude -2.671635
Status Project delivered
Dates 2013.0
Description of the NBS
NBS Scale city
NBS Impacts scale neighbourhood
Urban density/ Soil consumption medium
Combined with other(s) environmental friendly solution(s)?
if other
NBS Typology
Open the NBS Solution Explorer
NBS Uban Challenges
Climate Issues Climate mitigation
Climate adaptation
Other 1;
Urban water management and quality Urban water management and quality
Flood management
Other 0
Air Quality Air quality at district/city scale
Air quality locally
Other 0
Urban Space and Biodiversity Biodiversity
Urban space design
Urban space management
Other 0;
Urban Regeneration and Soil Air quality at district/city scale
Other 0
Resource efficiency Food, energy and water
Raw materials
Other 0;
Public health and well-being Acustic
Quality of life
Other 0;
Environmental justice and social cohesion Environmental Justice: Recognition
Environmental Justice: Procedural Justice
Environmental Justice: Distributional Justice
Environmental Justice: Capabilities
Environmental Justice: Responsibility
Social Cohesion
Other 1;0;
Urban planning and governance Urban planning and form
Governance in planning
Other 0;
People Security Control of crimes
Control of extraordinary events
Other 0;
Green economy Circular economy
Bioeconomy activities
Direct economic value of NBS
Other 0;
Stakeholder and Governance
Who Started this initiative? A public institution, a local organization (city or metropolitan)
Contracting Authority Vitoria-Gasteiz City Council
Project manager (leader and main partners): entities names, and know-how involved Leader: Vitoria-Gasteiz City Council Main partners: UPM (Work hired by the City of Vitoria to the Juan de Herrera Institute of the School of Architecture of Madrid, conductor, Ester Higueras)
Who (else) was involved in the project ? (Inhabitants, local association, etc.) City council and technical UPM team work: ABIO research group
More detail on the process and the role of the different stakeholders (How did it happen?) Juan de Herrera Institute of the School of Architecture of Madrid. (UPM) - Architect University of Madrid
OPTIONAL Considering the actual impacts, who are the primary beneficiaries of the project. citizens
Cluster Governance Model Description
cluster1_traditional_public_administrationParticipatory_planning_and_budgetingMaster Plan of the city is now developed, where some of the recommendations will be incorporated
Global Estimated cost of the project > 20 000€
Cluster cluster1_public_financing
FM Project Development Assistance
Description of the financing mechanism
Business Model
Class Type Description
SocialDeliver functionality, rather than ownershipInstitucional approach
OrganizationalRe-purpose the business for society/environment
Temporal Factor
Expected time for the NBS to be fully effective after its implementation large (beyond 5 years)
Expected life time of the intervention more than 30
Already feedbacks on the project? In case, the project has already been adapted to new requisites, please explain the modifications brought
Success and limiting factors
Process Enablers
Class Subclass Type Description
Knowledge_driversAwarenessClimate_changeA great list of possible recomendatios to be applied
Process Inhibitors
Class Subclass Type Description
Knowledge_barriersTechnical_inadequacyLack_of_readytoapply_scientific_resultsIt is a handbook, so there are only recommendations, but is very useful for architects and urban planners.
What makes this project a pioneer?
Field Design_or_techniques_employed
Brief description of the innovativeness A huge number of bioclimatic solutions are presented and organized for new or rehabilitation process.
Has the project received a prize, an award?
Has the project received a media coverage? (in reviews, in press, etc.) In the City Council: website, and newspapers
IM Keywords
  • guide