Nature Based Solutions - Implementation Models Database

Pioneer Case

Urban Heat Islands Strategic Plan Vienna (UHI)

A short description of the NBS project

The project "Urban Heat Islands – Strategy Plan Vienna" is part of the international CE (Central Europe) project “Urban Heat Islands – Development and application of mitigation and adaptation strategies and measures for counteracting the global Urban Heat Islands phenomenon”. Within the framework of the international project eight metropolises are examined. The aim of the project is the identification of measures and adaptations to reduce the negative aspects of urban warming. The intention is to develop a strategic plan for the City of Vienna to implement urban and open space planning measures as well as urban ecology measures that reduce the negative aspects of urban warming. Based on planning tools and instruments of the different control levels of urban planning and development, possibilities of action for the City of Vienna and in addition, opportunities to raise awareness and promote acceptance of measures that reduce urban heat effects will be identified.

NBS Implementation context
Location Austria, Vienna
Latitude -
Longitude -
Status Project delivered
Dates 2015.0
Description of the NBS
NBS Scale city
NBS Impacts scale neighbourhood
Urban density/ Soil consumption
Combined with other(s) environmental friendly solution(s)?
if other
NBS Typology
Open the NBS Solution Explorer
NBS Uban Challenges
Climate Issues Climate mitigation
Climate adaptation
Other 0;
Urban water management and quality Urban water management and quality
Flood management
Other 0
Air Quality Air quality at district/city scale
Air quality locally
Other 0
Urban Space and Biodiversity Biodiversity
Urban space design
Urban space management
Other 0;
Urban Regeneration and Soil Air quality at district/city scale
Other 0
Resource efficiency Food, energy and water
Raw materials
Other 0;
Public health and well-being Acustic
Quality of life
Other 0;
Environmental justice and social cohesion Environmental Justice: Recognition
Environmental Justice: Procedural Justice
Environmental Justice: Distributional Justice
Environmental Justice: Capabilities
Environmental Justice: Responsibility
Social Cohesion
Other 1;0;
Urban planning and governance Urban planning and form
Governance in planning
Other 0;
People Security Control of crimes
Control of extraordinary events
Other 0
Green economy Circular economy
Bioeconomy activities
Direct economic value of NBS
Other 0;
Stakeholder and Governance
Who Started this initiative? A public institution, a local organization (city or metropolitan)
Contracting Authority Municipal Department 22 - Environmental Protection in Vienna
Project manager (leader and main partners): entities names, and know-how involved Leader: ILEN -Institute of Landscape Development, Recreation and Conservation Planning; (recreation planning, nature protection, landscape development) Main partners: Municipal Department 22 - Environmental Protection in Vienna Institute of Landscape Planning (ILAP), University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna Institute for sustainable economic development, University of Natural Resources of Life Science Vienna
Who (else) was involved in the project ? (Inhabitants, local association, etc.) Research institutions (resarch); Regional government ()
More detail on the process and the role of the different stakeholders (How did it happen?)
OPTIONAL Considering the actual impacts, who are the primary beneficiaries of the project. citizens and tourists
Cluster Governance Model Description
cluster1_traditional_public_administrationClosed_governancePartnerships that make concentrated efforts to involve the urban government are crucial for opening space for innovative approaches and solutions like NbS to find fertile ground for experimentation and for a rapid transfer from concepts to action.
Global Estimated cost of the project 20k€ - 50k€
Cluster cluster4_public_private
FM City Planning Regulations
Description of the financing mechanism The project was funded by the City Council of Vienna, Municipal Department 22 (Environmental protection)
Business Model
Class Type Description
Temporal Factor
Expected time for the NBS to be fully effective after its implementation medium (between 2 to 5 years)
Expected life time of the intervention more than 30
Already feedbacks on the project? In case, the project has already been adapted to new requisites, please explain the modifications brought
Success and limiting factors
Process Enablers
Class Subclass Type Description
Knowledge_driversAwarenessClimate_changeClimate change can be a driver for changing the whole vision of urban planning, raising awarenesss, forstering new projects, visions and changing priorities
Process Inhibitors
Class Subclass Type Description
Economy_barriersBudget_constraintsNBS_not_a_priorityCity departments have defined fields of duty and restricted responsibilities, where multifaceted fields of responsibilities or projects such as NBS often may not fit into existing decision-making structures
What makes this project a pioneer?
Field The_challenge(s)_targeted
Brief description of the innovativeness
Has the project received a prize, an award?
Has the project received a media coverage? (in reviews, in press, etc.) Presentation at several european conferences
IM Keywords
  • reduction of urban heat island