Nature Based Solutions - Implementation Models Database

Pioneer Case

MA 48 – Green wall

A short description of the NBS project

The administration department of waste management (MA48) in Vienna developed a pioneer program for greening buildings to investigate the effects on heat flow in winter and the influence on the heat transfer losses and heat demand of the building. The facades were to create ecological niches for insects and birds and positively affect the surrounding indoor and outdoor climates, too. With this easy to be seen living wall, the department reached a greater public interest and awareness for green facades and managed to improve the quality of the urban space in this area. Because of the very complex implementation process of vertical green and the need of successful interdisciplinary cooperation between several stakeholders, followed among others because of this successful pioneer projects, a project was launched by the City of Vienna in 2016, to work on defining legal requirements and framework conditions and implementation instruments. A successful pilot projects like this help form processes to implement greening façades in public spaces. This pilot project MA 48 provides a valuable basis to help future investors make decisions, and to optimize designs.

NBS Implementation context
Location Austria, Vienna
Latitude 48.1806056
Longitude 16.3532722
Status Ongoing
Description of the NBS
NBS Scale object (building, etc.)
NBS Impacts scale object (building, etc.)
Urban density/ Soil consumption high (dense city center, etc.)
Combined with other(s) environmental friendly solution(s)?
if other
NBS Typology
Open the NBS Solution Explorer
NBS Uban Challenges
Climate Issues Climate mitigation
Climate adaptation
Other 0;
Urban water management and quality Urban water management and quality
Flood management
Other 0
Air Quality Air quality at district/city scale
Air quality locally
Other 0
Urban Space and Biodiversity Biodiversity
Urban space design
Urban space management
Other 0;
Urban Regeneration and Soil Air quality at district/city scale
Other 0
Resource efficiency Food, energy and water
Raw materials
Other 0;
Public health and well-being Acustic
Quality of life
Other 0;
Environmental justice and social cohesion Environmental Justice: Recognition
Environmental Justice: Procedural Justice
Environmental Justice: Distributional Justice
Environmental Justice: Capabilities
Environmental Justice: Responsibility
Social Cohesion
Other 0;
Urban planning and governance Urban planning and form
Governance in planning
Other 0
People Security Control of crimes
Control of extraordinary events
Other 0
Green economy Circular economy
Bioeconomy activities
Direct economic value of NBS
Other 0;
Stakeholder and Governance
Who Started this initiative? Other
Contracting Authority Municipality department for waste Vienna - MA 48
Project manager (leader and main partners): entities names, and know-how involved Leader: Tech metall Main partners: IBLB - Institute of of Soil Bioengineering and Landscape Construction , University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna Municipal Department 48 - Waste management in Vienna Municipal Department 22 - Environmental Protection in Vienna
Who (else) was involved in the project ? (Inhabitants, local association, etc.) University and private company decided to develop a vertical green wall and has applied for R&D project for realisation and could convince municipality
More detail on the process and the role of the different stakeholders (How did it happen?)
OPTIONAL Considering the actual impacts, who are the primary beneficiaries of the project. Employees and neighbors
Cluster Governance Model Description
cluster1_traditional_public_administrationHierarchical_governanceAdministrated by municipality departement
Global Estimated cost of the project 200k€- 1M€
Description of the financing mechanism The project was funded by the City Council of Vienna, Municipal Department 22 (Environmental protection)
Business Model
Class Type Description
TechnologicalSubstitute with renewables and natural processes
TechnologicalMaximize material productivity and energy efficiency
Temporal Factor
Expected time for the NBS to be fully effective after its implementation short (immediately to few months)
Expected life time of the intervention more than 30
Already feedbacks on the project? In case, the project has already been adapted to new requisites, please explain the modifications brought
Success and limiting factors
Process Enablers
Class Subclass Type Description
Process Inhibitors
Class Subclass Type Description
What makes this project a pioneer?
Field Design_or_techniques_employed
Brief description of the innovativeness Innovative green wall system
Has the project received a prize, an award?
Has the project received a media coverage? (in reviews, in press, etc.) Local press (several newspaper/magazin/institutions) international attention - at that time largest green wall in Europe
IM Keywords
  • green wall

  • energy efficiency

University of Natural Resources and Life Science Vienna (BOKU): project and master thesis Municipality Departement of Environmental Protection Vienna - MA 22