Nature Based Solutions - Implementation Models Database

Urban green spaces management, Urban planning strategies, Structures characterized by food and resources production

Sustainable Urbanisation Global Initiatives Food-Water-Energy Nexus

A short description of the NSB

The Sustainable Urbanisation Global Initiative Food-Water-Energy Nexus (SUGI-FWE Nexus) is established by the Belmont Forum and the Joint Programming Initiative (JPI) Urban Europe in order to bring together the fragmented research and innovation expertise across the globe to find innovative new solutions to the Food-Water-Energy (FWE) Nexus challenge. The project involves 14 European countries and 6 non-European countries. The goal is to develop more resilient, applied solutions for urban areas in the context of nutrition, which brings together 14 European and 6 non-European countries. SUGI-FWE Nexus aims to develop more resilient, applied urban solutions that build on research and innovation efforts from across the globe, and which will benefit a much wider range of global markets. The interactions between food, water and energy are of paramount interest to policy, science and the society at large, today and even more so in the upcoming decades. Challenges connected with population increase and food shortages, scarce water and insufficient energy resources demand solutions. This collaborative research action seeks to advance research within the themes listed below: Theme 1. Robust Knowledge, Indicators and Assessments (Projects in this theme should identify transferable solutions through comparative analysis, define locally and globally relevant indicators and develop methodologies to evaluate and assess solutions in coupled complex socio-natural systems). Theme 2. Multi-level Governance and Management of the Food-Water-Energy Nexus (This theme focuses on strategies, technological and social innovations, solutions/implementations in the realm of governance and effective management of the project). Theme 3. Managing Potential Strategies and Solutions to address emerging Risk and Tradeoffs at the intersection of Sustainable Urbanisation and the FWE Nexus (This theme focuses on identifying and developing integrative strategies to assess and manage risks and uncertainties at the intersection of the sustainable urbanisation and the FWE Nexus).

NBS Implementation context
Location Europe
Status (from - to) Ongoing (since 2017)
NBS Scale • Object (building, etc.) • Neighbourhood • City
NBS Impacts scale • Object (building, etc.) • Neighbourhood • City
Urban density/ Soil consumption • High (dense city center, etc.) • Medium • Low (suburb at the limit with rural areas, etc.)
NBS Typology

NBS Uban Challenges
Climate Issues Climate mitigation
Climate adaptation
Other 0
Urban water management and quality Urban water management and quality
Flood management
Other 0
Air Quality Air quality at district/city scale
Air quality locally
Other 0
Urban Space and Biodiversity Biodiversity
Urban space design
Urban space management
Other 0
Urban Regeneration and Soil Air quality at district/city scale
Other 0
Resource efficiency Food, energy and water
Raw materials
Other 0
Public health and well-being Acustic
Quality of life
Other 0
Environmental justice and social cohesion Environmental Justice: Recognition
Environmental Justice: Procedural Justice
Environmental Justice: Distributional Justice
Environmental Justice: Capabilities
Environmental Justice: Responsibility
Social Cohesion
Other 0
Urban planning and governance Urban planning and form
Governance in planning
Other 0
People Security Control of crimes
Control of extraordinary events
Other 0
Green economy Circular economy
Bioeconomy activities
Direct economic value of NBS
Other 0
NBS Stakeholders & Governance


Initial actors (Leaders) Community • Research institutions
Involved actors Governments • Local government/municipality • Semi-government organizations / institutions, Community • Research institutions, Market • Private sector • Social enterprises / social entrepreneurs
Ecological scale • Local scale green area • City scale green networks • Regional scale green infrastructure
Governance model CLUSTER 5: Network Governance • Collaborative governance
NBS Financial aspects

SUGI – FWE Nexus is supportedd by the European Commission and funded under the Horizon 2020.

Global (estimated) cost of the project -
Financing mechanism CLUSTER 1: Public financing • Horizon 2020
NBS Business Models Archetype
Technological -
Social • Maximize material productivity and energy efficiency • Substitute with renewables and natural processes
Organisational Non applicable
NBS Success and limiting factors
Process enablers
Knowledge Develop scale-up solutions
Governance -
Economy Generation of evidence • Research on benefits • Research on cost effectiveness, Information accessibility and sharing • Knowledge platforms, Awareness • NBS ambassadors
Process inibitors
Knowledge Co-creation and participation • Co-production
Governance Government support • Provisioning of incentives to attract private investment • Removal of administrative barriers
Economy Uncertainty • Operational unknown • Performance unknown
IM Keywords