Nature Based Solutions - Implementation Models Database

Urban green spaces management, urban planning strategies

Urban Heat Islands Strategy Plan Vienna

A short description of the NSB

The project “Urban Heat Islands – Strategy Plan Vienna” is part of the international CE (Central Europe) project “Urban Heat Islands – Development and application of mitigation and adaptation strategies and measures for counteracting the global Urban Heat Islands phenomenon” (duration 2011-2014). Within the framework of the international project 8 metropolises are examined. Along with Bologna/Modena, Venezia/Padova, Stuttgart, Lodz/Warsaw, Prague, Budapest and Ljubljana, Wien is one of the study areas. The aim of the project “Urban Heat Islands – Strategy Plan Vienna” is the identification of measures and adaptations to reduce the negative aspects of urban warming. The intention is to develop a strategic plan for the city to implement urban and open space planning measures as well as urban ecology measures that reduce the negative aspects of urban warming. Based on planning tools and instruments of the different control levels of urban planning and development, possibilities of action for the City of Wien and in addition, opportunities to raise awareness and promote acceptance of measures that reduce urban heat effects are identified: technical measures (i.e. green spaces, water, shading, albedo, buildings, mobility, de-sealing, etc.), public relations/information (i.e. public events and competitions) and control levels/instruments (i.e. zoning and development plans, developer competitions, housing initiative and public housing, subsidies, etc.).

NBS Implementation context
Location Wien (Austria)
Status (from - to) Project delivered (2011-2014)
NBS Scale • Object (building, etc.) • Neighbourhood • City
NBS Impacts scale • Object (building, etc.) • Neighbourhood • City
Urban density/ Soil consumption • High (dense city center, etc.) • Medium
NBS Typology

NBS Uban Challenges
Climate Issues Climate mitigation
Climate adaptation
Other 0
Urban water management and quality Urban water management and quality
Flood management
Other 0
Air Quality Air quality at district/city scale
Air quality locally
Other 0
Urban Space and Biodiversity Biodiversity
Urban space design
Urban space management
Other 0
Urban Regeneration and Soil Air quality at district/city scale
Other 0
Resource efficiency Food, energy and water
Raw materials
Other 0
Public health and well-being Acustic
Quality of life
Other 0
Environmental justice and social cohesion Environmental Justice: Recognition
Environmental Justice: Procedural Justice
Environmental Justice: Distributional Justice
Environmental Justice: Capabilities
Environmental Justice: Responsibility
Social Cohesion
Other 0
Urban planning and governance Urban planning and form
Governance in planning
Other 0
People Security Control of crimes
Control of extraordinary events
Other 0
Green economy Circular economy
Bioeconomy activities
Direct economic value of NBS
Other 0
NBS Stakeholders & Governance


Initial actors (Leaders) Governments • Regional / national government
Involved actors Governments • Regional / national government • Local government/municipality, Community • Research institutions (BOKU University Wien, Institute of Landscape Development, Recreation and Conservation Planning, Institute of Landscape Planning, Institute for Sustainable Economic Development), Market • Private sector
Ecological scale • Local scale green area • City scale green networks
Governance model CLUSTER 5: Network Governance • Collaborative governance
NBS Financial aspects


Global (estimated) cost of the project -
Financing mechanism CLUSTER 1: Public financing
NBS Business Models Archetype
Technological -
Social Substitute with renewable and natural processes
Organisational Non applicable
NBS Success and limiting factors
Process enablers
Knowledge Develop scale-up solutions
Governance -
Economy Generation of evidence • Lesson learnt through implemented projects • Research on benefits, Awareness • Climate Change • Ecological memory
Process inibitors
Knowledge Co-creation and participation • Involvement of urban government
Governance -
Economy -
IM Keywords