Nature Based Solutions - Implementation Models Database

Parks and gardens


A short description of the NSB

7 seasons is a project that focuses on increasing biodiversity in the city of Rotterdam. The project started as a private sector initiative. Green spaces will be created in a period of 7 years for these species (and other living beings). Temporary green projects are implemented in abandoned and neglected areas. 7 seasons is implemented in the neighbourhoods Provenierswijk and Aniesebuurt. The ambition of this project is to increase the interaction between urban dwellers and nature. In a period of 7 years, local residents are invited to start green, low-budget, initiatives. For each initiative participants can apply for funding to cover small costs. The work is done on voluntary basis.

NBS Implementation context
Location Europe, Rotterdam, Provenierswijk and Aniesebuurt neighbourhoods
Status (from - to) On going Project (2012-2019)
NBS Scale • Object (private gardens) • Nighbourhood • City
NBS Impacts scale • Object (private gardens) • Neighbourhood • City
Urban density/ Soil consumption High (dense city center)
NBS Typology

NBS Uban Challenges
Climate Issues Climate mitigation
Climate adaptation
Other 0
Urban water management and quality Urban water management and quality
Flood management
Other 0
Air Quality Air quality at district/city scale
Air quality locally
Other 0
Urban Space and Biodiversity Biodiversity
Urban space design
Urban space management
Other 0
Urban Regeneration and Soil Air quality at district/city scale
Other 0
Resource efficiency Food, energy and water
Raw materials
Other 0
Public health and well-being Acustic
Quality of life
Other 0
Environmental justice and social cohesion Environmental Justice: Recognition
Environmental Justice: Procedural Justice
Environmental Justice: Distributional Justice
Environmental Justice: Capabilities
Environmental Justice: Responsibility
Social Cohesion
Other 0
Urban planning and governance Urban planning and form
Governance in planning
Other 0
People Security Control of crimes
Control of extraordinary events
Other 0
Green economy Circular economy
Bioeconomy activities
Direct economic value of NBS
Other 0
NBS Stakeholders & Governance

The project has been initiated by the private sector.

Initial actors (Leaders) Community • NGO’s/ interest groups
Involved actors Governments - , Community • Research institutions • Citizens, Market -
Ecological scale Local scale green area City scale green networks
Governance model CLUSTER 4: Societal Resilience • Civic ecology practices
NBS Financial aspects

The project is partly funded by the district council and receives additional funding from small funds. Most of the work is done by local residents volunteering in the project.

Global (estimated) cost of the project -
Financing mechanism CLUSTER 3: Citizen inclusion • Volunteering
NBS Business Models Archetype
Technological -
Social -
Organisational Encourage sufficiency
NBS Success and limiting factors
Process enablers
Knowledge Develop scale-up solutions
Governance -
Economy Awareness • Ecological memory
Process inibitors
Knowledge Process efficiencies • Action thinking approach • Collaboration, Self- governance • Grassroots innovations and transition initiatives, Co-creation and participation • Co-production
Governance Self-financing and self-management
Economy Accessibility to information • Incomprehensible or unusable presentation of results, Technical inadequacy • Lack of ready-to-apply scientific results, concepts and technologies
IM Keywords