Nature Based Solutions - Implementation Models Database

Parks and gardens

Better gardens

A short description of the NSB

Many green areas in Swiss cities are vulnerable to densification. The research project aims to demonstrate the importance of gardens for people, the city and nature and to elaborate strategies to conserve, or even increase, the quality of the gardens. Thus, the project will also provide arguments for the conservation of urban green spaces and allotments. To ensure the relevance of the study and a better implementation of the results, policy makers and city governments will also be involved in the subprojects.Better gardens is a research project of WSL (Switzerland) which aim is to explore how gardeners cultivate their gardens and by which factors their decisions are influenced. This permits people to understand better the effect of their gardening decisions with respect to the biodiversity and ecosystem services outcomes that they generate.

NBS Implementation context
Location Europe, Switzerland, Bern, Lausanne and Zurich
Status (from - to) Project delivered (January 2015 to December 2017)
NBS Scale Neighbourhood City
NBS Impacts scale Neighbourhood City
Urban density/ Soil consumption High (dense city center)
NBS Typology

NBS Uban Challenges
Climate Issues Climate mitigation
Climate adaptation
Other 0
Urban water management and quality Urban water management and quality
Flood management
Other 0
Air Quality Air quality at district/city scale
Air quality locally
Other 0
Urban Space and Biodiversity Biodiversity
Urban space design
Urban space management
Other 0
Urban Regeneration and Soil Air quality at district/city scale
Other 0
Resource efficiency Food, energy and water
Raw materials
Other 0
Public health and well-being Acustic
Quality of life
Other 0
Environmental justice and social cohesion Environmental Justice: Recognition
Environmental Justice: Procedural Justice
Environmental Justice: Distributional Justice
Environmental Justice: Capabilities
Environmental Justice: Responsibility
Social Cohesion
Other 0
Urban planning and governance Urban planning and form
Governance in planning
Other 0
People Security Control of crimes
Control of extraordinary events
Other 0
Green economy Circular economy
Bioeconomy activities
Direct economic value of NBS
Other 0
NBS Stakeholders & Governance

The city government is currently promoting a new maintenance culture for the city’s greenery, one that is more sustainable and offers more benefits for the community and specific sectors sensitive to chemical products.

Initial actors (Leaders) Community Reasearch institutions
Involved actors Governments -, Community Municipality Citizens,Market -
Ecological scale Local scale green area City scale green networks
Governance model CLUSTER 4: Societal resilience Co-menagment
NBS Financial aspects

Global (estimated) cost of the project -
Financing mechanism CLUSTER 2: Financial institutions
NBS Business Models Archetype
Technological Substitute with renewable and natural processes
Social Encourage sufficiencyAdopting a stewardship roleEncourage sufficiency
Organisational Develop scale-up solutions
NBS Success and limiting factors
Process enablers
Knowledge Generation of evidence Research on benefits Research on cost effectiveness,Collaboration Networks, Awareness Climate Change Ecological memory
Governance Process efficiencies Action- thinking approach, Self- governance Grassroots innovations and transition initiatives, Co-creation and participation Cross sectorial spaces and partnerships Co-production
Economy Government support Removal of administrative barriers Public-private partnerships, Create conditions for new business models and finance schemes
Process inibitors
Knowledge -
Governance -
Economy Perception of the benefits Under appreciation of non-economic benefits
IM Keywords
  • Societal resilience

  • Co menagement

  • Local scale green area

  • City scale green networks

  • Financial institutions

  • Substitute with renewable and natural processes

  • Encourage sufficiency

  • Develop scale-up solutions