Nature Based Solutions - Implementation Models Database

Green strips, Constructed wetlands and built structures for water management

Green strips Amsterdam

A short description of the NSB

Since 2013, to make the city of Amsterdam more resilient to more and heavier rain showers and to decrease the chances of flooding, Amsterdam Rainproof initiative has been developed in order to build a city-wide network of actors that help to increase the ability of the city to absorb and re-use rain water, e.g. green roofs, green walls, rain barrels, green gardens and water-permeable pavements. As a platform it seeks to connect a broad network of actors and initiatives that work on this subject. Amsterdam Rainproof seeks to align existing (citizens) initiatives, municipal policies and entrepreneurial initiatives. The rationale behind this approach is that the city can only become resilient to rainwater if all stakeholders work together and take up their shared responsibility. Currently, 76 partners are involved, including governmental organisations, private companies, citizen initiatives, network organisations and knowledge institutions. Ideas, information and a toolbox are available on the website. ‘Green strips’ is one of Amsterdam Rainproof initiatives from the district council in the south of Amsterdam and local water authorities to store water in a newly built neighbourhood. The district council in the south of Amsterdam and two water authorities have initiated a project involving green strips on the side of the road in a newly built neighbourhood. The green strips have the capacity to temporarily store water and ‘slow down’ the water before it enters the sewage system. They lie 35 centimetres below the road, which allows for the water to flow into the strips. They have the capacity to store 56.000 litres of water and they can store it for 24 hours. After that time, the water flows into the sewer system. The strips contain plants that survive in wet and dry conditions. The plants contribute to the green infrastructure in the neighbourhood. The project is unique, because of the combination of high-quality plants and water storage. It is a pilot project, which means the municipality and the water authorities are still testing the effectiveness. In case of success, the project will be implemented in more areas in the city. The project is financed by the municipality. The local water authority and the municipality maintain the green strips. Amsterdam Rainproof played a role in establishing the collaboration for this project. Citizens, cable companies, pipe companies and project developers were invited to participate in the decision-making process.

NBS Implementation context
Location South of Amsterdam (the Netherlands)
Status (from - to) Project delivered (2016)
NBS Scale Object (green strips)
NBS Impacts scale Object (green strips) Neighbourhood City
Urban density/ Soil consumption Medium
NBS Typology


NBS Uban Challenges
Climate Issues Climate mitigation
Climate adaptation
Other 0
Urban water management and quality Urban water management and quality
Flood management
Other 0
Air Quality Air quality at district/city scale
Air quality locally
Other 0
Urban Space and Biodiversity Biodiversity
Urban space design
Urban space management
Other 0
Urban Regeneration and Soil Air quality at district/city scale
Other 0
Resource efficiency Food, energy and water
Raw materials
Waste
Recycling
Other 0
Public health and well-being Acustic
Quality of life
Health
Other 0
Environmental justice and social cohesion Environmental Justice: Recognition
Environmental Justice: Procedural Justice
Environmental Justice: Distributional Justice
Environmental Justice: Capabilities
Environmental Justice: Responsibility
Social Cohesion
Other 0
Urban planning and governance Urban planning and form
Governance in planning
Other 0
People Security Control of crimes
Control of extraordinary events
Other 0
Green economy Circular economy
Bioeconomy activities
Direct economic value of NBS
Other 0
Other
NBS Stakeholders & Governance

The project is initiated and maintained by the  municipality and the local water authority. Amsterdam Rainproof played a role in establishing the collaboration for this project. Citizens, cable companies, pipe companies and project developers were invited to participate in the decision-making process.

Initial actors (Leaders) Governments Local government/municipality (Amsterdam Municipality) Semi-government organizations / institutions (local water authority)
Involved actors Governments Local government/municipality (Amsterdam Municipality) Semi-government organizations / institutions (local water authority),Community NGOÍs / CSOÍs / interest groups Citizens, Market Private sector
Ecological scale Local scale green area
Governance model CLUSTER 1: Traditional public administration Participatory planning & budgeting
NBS Financial aspects

The project is financed by the municipality and the water authority. Side-projects are financed by the participating actors.

Global (estimated) cost of the project -
Financing mechanism CLUSTER 1: Public financing
NBS Business Models Archetype
Technological Substitute with renewables and natural processes
Social Non applicable
Organisational Develop scale-up solutions
NBS Success and limiting factors
Process enablers
Knowledge Collaboration Networks, Information accessibility and sharing Knowledge platforms, Awareness Climate Change
Governance Process efficiencies Collaboration, Co-creation and participation Involvement of urban government
Economy De-risking Public de-risking strategies, Self-financing and self-management
Process inibitors
Knowledge Uncertainty Operational unknown Performance unknown
Governance Disconnection between short-term actions and long term goals, Participation and awareness Lack of participation
Economy Budget constraints
IM Keywords
  • Participatory planning & budgeting

  • Local scale green area

  • Public financing

  • Substitute with renewables and natural processes

  • Develop scale-up solutions

References
Plan Amsterdam 03 2017 'Building a green city' Link: issuu.com/gemeenteamsterdam/docs/planam-03-2017-eng amsterdamsmartcity.com/projects/amsterdam-rainproof www.waternet.nl/blog/amsterdam-rainproof/