Nature Based Solutions - Implementation Models Database


A short description of the NSB

The project aimed to restore and conserve semi-natural coastal ecosystems through a set of interrelated activities that support rural economic development for local people and increase the attractiveness of the area. The project was originally part of a Helsinki Commission (HELCOM) effort to develop an Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) plan for the Southeast Baltic Region, thus encompassing a semi-enclosed area in Estonia covering ca. 2,000 km2.Activities were focused on restoring the semi-natural coastal grasslands through a combination of cattle farming (mowing, grazing and clearing activities), sustainable extraction for handicraft production and ecotourism, as well as ecological education and awareness-building efforts.The area being addressed in this project was designated by the Ramsar Convention as being a wetland of international importance. Birdlife International also classified the area as an ñImportant Bird Areaî. The project was also originally designed as one of six pilot projects to develop and implement Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) plans for the sustainable development of lagoons and wetlands in order to protect the ecology of the Baltic Sea.

NBS Implementation context
Location Estonia, V_inameri
Status (from - to) Project delivered (1997 _ 2004)
NBS Scale City Regional
NBS Impacts scale Regional
Urban density/ Soil consumption
NBS Typology

NBS Uban Challenges
Climate Issues Climate mitigation
Climate adaptation
Other 0
Urban water management and quality Urban water management and quality
Flood management
Other 0
Air Quality Air quality at district/city scale
Air quality locally
Other 0
Urban Space and Biodiversity Biodiversity
Urban space design
Urban space management
Other 0
Urban Regeneration and Soil Air quality at district/city scale
Other 0
Resource efficiency Food, energy and water
Raw materials
Other 0
Public health and well-being Acustic
Quality of life
Other 0
Environmental justice and social cohesion Environmental Justice: Recognition
Environmental Justice: Procedural Justice
Environmental Justice: Distributional Justice
Environmental Justice: Capabilities
Environmental Justice: Responsibility
Social Cohesion
Other 0
Urban planning and governance Urban planning and form
Governance in planning
Other 0
People Security Control of crimes
Control of extraordinary events
Other 0
Green economy Circular economy
Bioeconomy activities
Direct economic value of NBS
Other 0
NBS Stakeholders & Governance

Initial actors (Leaders) Governments Semi-government organizations / institutions,Community NGOÍs / CSOÍs / interest groups, Market Private sector Social enterprises / social entrepreneurs
Involved actors Local government/municipality Semi-government organizations / institutions, Community NGOÍs / CSOÍs / interest groups Citizens Research institutions, Market Social enterprises / social entrepreneurs Private sector
Ecological scale City scale green networks Regional scale green infrastructure
Governance model CLUSTER 2: New public management Public-private partnership (PPP)
NBS Financial aspects

Global (estimated) cost of the project ó 6,2 million
Financing mechanism CLUSTER 4: PUBLIC-PRIVATE
NBS Business Models Archetype
Technological Substitute with renewable and natural processesReducing environmental impact by substitution with renewable resources and natural processes
Social Encourage sufficiencyTackling sustainability from the perspective of sustainable consumption. On a systems level, this could reduce overconsumption, and hence material and energy throughputs
Organisational Develop scale-up solutionsScaling sustainability solutions to maximise benefits for society and the environment
NBS Success and limiting factors
Process enablers
Knowledge Generation of evidence Research on benefits Research on cost effectiveness,Collaboration Networks, Awareness Climate Change Ecological memory
Governance Process efficiencies Action- thinking approach, Self- governance Grassroots innovations and transition initiatives, Co-creation and participation Cross sectorial spaces and partnerships Co-production
Economy Government support Removal of administrative barriers Public-private partnerships, Create conditions for new business models and finance schemes
Process inibitors
Knowledge Uncertainty Operational unknown Performance unknown, Technical inadequacy Lack of ready-to-apply scientific results, concepts and technologies
Governance -
Economy Perception of the benefits Under appreciation of non-economic benefits
IM Keywords
  • Public-private partnership (PPP)

  • New public management