Nature Based Solutions - Implementation Models Database

Parks and gardens

GrÙnOase project, Salzburg

A short description of the NSB

The project aims to highlight the advantages of green spaces for the urban climate and ecology in Salzburg . Continuing urban growth is causing the loss of more and more public and private green spaces. These areas have a positive effect on both quality of life and the micro-climate. That is why preserving existing green and leisure spaces and creating new ones is an important aspect of sustainable urban development.

NBS Implementation context
Location Europe, Salzburg
Status (from - to) Ongoing (01/04/2017 _ 30/04/2018)
NBS Scale Neighbourhood City
NBS Impacts scale Neighbourhood City
Urban density/ Soil consumption
NBS Typology

NBS Uban Challenges
Climate Issues Climate mitigation
Climate adaptation
Other 0
Urban water management and quality Urban water management and quality
Flood management
Other 0
Air Quality Air quality at district/city scale
Air quality locally
Other 0
Urban Space and Biodiversity Biodiversity
Urban space design
Urban space management
Other 0
Urban Regeneration and Soil Air quality at district/city scale
Other 0
Resource efficiency Food, energy and water
Raw materials
Other 0
Public health and well-being Acustic
Quality of life
Other 0
Environmental justice and social cohesion Environmental Justice: Recognition
Environmental Justice: Procedural Justice
Environmental Justice: Distributional Justice
Environmental Justice: Capabilities
Environmental Justice: Responsibility
Social Cohesion
Other 0
Urban planning and governance Urban planning and form
Governance in planning
Other 0
People Security Control of crimes
Control of extraordinary events
Other 0
Green economy Circular economy
Bioeconomy activities
Direct economic value of NBS
Other 0
NBS Stakeholders & Governance

Initial actors (Leaders) Governments Regional / national government
Involved actors Governments Local government/municipality Semi-government organizations / institutions, Community NGOÍs / CSOÍs / interest groups CBOÍs / neighborhood communities Citizens Research institutions, Market Social enterprises / social entrepreneurs Private sector
Ecological scale Local scale green area City scale green networks
Governance model CLUSTER 5: Network Governance Adaptive governance
NBS Financial aspects

Global (estimated) cost of the project ó 141,65
Financing mechanism CLUSTER 1: Public financing
NBS Business Models Archetype
Technological Substitute with renewable and natural processesReducing environmental impact by substitution with renewable resources and natural processes
Social Encourage sufficiencyTackling sustainability from the perspective of sustainable consumption. On a systems level, this could reduce overconsumption, and hence material and energy throughputs
Organisational Develop scale-up solutionsScaling sustainability solutions to maximise benefits for society and the environment
NBS Success and limiting factors
Process enablers
Knowledge Generation of evidence Research on benefits Research on cost effectiveness,Collaboration Networks, Awareness Climate Change Ecological memory
Governance Process efficiencies Action- thinking approach, Self- governance Grassroots innovations and transition initiatives, Co-creation and participation Cross sectorial spaces and partnerships Co-production
Economy Government support Removal of administrative barriers Public-private partnerships, Create conditions for new business models and finance schemes
Process inibitors
Knowledge Uncertainty Operational unknown Performance unknown, Technical inadequacy Lack of ready-to-apply scientific results, concepts and technologies
Governance -
Economy Perception of the benefits Under appreciation of non-economic benefits
IM Keywords
  • Develop scale-up solutions

  • Encourage sufficiency

  • Substitute with renewable and natural processes

  • Public financing

  • City scale green networks

  • Local scale green area

  • Adaptive governance