Nature Based Solutions - Implementation Models Database


A short description of the NSB

Biotope City is an interdisciplinary urban planning project with the focus on Nature-Based Solutions (NBS) such as green facades, green roofs and stormwater management.The focus is on the implementation of integral Biotope City quality criteria, which describe the multiple functions of greening and contribute specifically to increasing residentsÍ quality of life on the former Coca-Cola area in Vienna.

NBS Implementation context
Location Europe, Vienna, Coca-Cola area
Status (from - to) Project delivered (01.09.2016-31.10.2017)
NBS Scale Object (building, etc.) Neighbourhood
NBS Impacts scale Object (building, etc.) Neighbourhood City
Urban density/ Soil consumption
NBS Typology

NBS Uban Challenges
Climate Issues Climate mitigation
Climate adaptation
Other 0
Urban water management and quality Urban water management and quality
Flood management
Other 0
Air Quality Air quality at district/city scale
Air quality locally
Other 0
Urban Space and Biodiversity Biodiversity
Urban space design
Urban space management
Other 0
Urban Regeneration and Soil Air quality at district/city scale
Other 0
Resource efficiency Food, energy and water
Raw materials
Other 0
Public health and well-being Acustic
Quality of life
Other 0
Environmental justice and social cohesion Environmental Justice: Recognition
Environmental Justice: Procedural Justice
Environmental Justice: Distributional Justice
Environmental Justice: Capabilities
Environmental Justice: Responsibility
Social Cohesion
Other 0
Urban planning and governance Urban planning and form
Governance in planning
Other 0
People Security Control of crimes
Control of extraordinary events
Other 0
Green economy Circular economy
Bioeconomy activities
Direct economic value of NBS
Other 0
NBS Stakeholders & Governance

Initial actors (Leaders) Governments Semi-government organizations / institutions
Involved actors Governments Semi-government organizations / institutions, Community NGOÍs / CSOÍs / interest groups CBOÍs / neighborhood communities Citizens Research institutions, Market Private sector
Ecological scale Local scale green area City scale green networks
Governance model CLUSTER 5: Network Governance Adaptive governance
NBS Financial aspects

Global (estimated) cost of the project ó 184,19
Financing mechanism N.a.
NBS Business Models Archetype
Technological Substitute with renewable and natural processesReducing environmental impact by substitution with renewable resources and natural processes
Social Encourage sufficiencyTackling sustainability from the perspective of sustainable consumption. On a systems level, this could reduce overconsumption, and hence material and energy throughputs
Organisational Develop scale-up solutionsScaling sustainability solutions to maximise benefits for society and the environment
NBS Success and limiting factors
Process enablers
Knowledge Generation of evidence Research on benefits Research on cost effectiveness,Collaboration Networks, Awareness Ecological memory Climate Change
Governance Process efficiencies Action- thinking approach, Self- governance Grassroots innovations and transition initiatives, Co-creation and participation Cross sectorial spaces and partnerships Co-production
Economy Government support Removal of administrative barriers, Create conditions for new business models and finance schemes
Process inibitors
Knowledge Uncertainty Operational unknown Performance unknown, Technical inadequacy Lack of ready-to-apply scientific results, concepts and technologies
Governance -
Economy Budget constraints Lack of funding knowledge
IM Keywords
  • Adaptive governance

  • Local scale green area

  • City scale green networks

  • Substitute with renewable and natural processes

  • Encourage sufficiency

  • Develop scale-up solutions